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according agriculture American annual marriages appear average Berne births to deaths calculation captain Cook causes Charlevoix checks to population China consequence considerable considered Cook's corn cultivation degree dreadful effect emigration epidemic extreme famine foundling hospitals France frequent George Staunton greater number habits increase of population Indians infanticide inhabitants islands Kalmucks labor land laws Lettres Edif live lower classes manner marry means of subsistence Memoires misery mortality nations nature nearly Nootka Sound Norway number of births number of children number of marriages observed occasioned Otaheite Pallas parish perhaps period Petersburgh polygamy poor positive checks poverty present prevail preventive check principal probably produce proportion of births pulation reason registers respect riages Robertson Russia Russian Empire savage scarcity Scotland Siberia slaves society soil suppose Sussmilch Sweden Switzerland Tartars Tibet tion towns tribes Vaud villages Volney whole population women
Page 112 - Is not the whole land before thee? separate thyself, I pray thee, from me: if thou wilt take the left hand, then I will go to the right; or if thou depart to the right hand, then I will go to the left.
Page 16 - ... himself possessed ? Does he even feel secure that, should he have a large family, his utmost exertions can save them from rags and squalid poverty, and their consequent degradation in the community? And may he not be reduced to the grating necessity of forfeiting his independence, and of being obliged to the sparing hand of charity for support? These considerations are calculated to prevent, and certainly do prevent, a great number of persons in all civilized nations from pursuing the dictate...
Page 12 - In the next period, the population would be eighty-eight millions, and the means of subsistence just equal to the support of half that number. And at the conclusion of the first century, the population would be...
Page 11 - In the next twenty-five years, it is impossible to suppose that the produce could be quadrupled. It would be contrary to all our knowledge of the properties of land.
Page 4 - The effects of this check on man are more complicated. Impelled to the increase of his species by an equally powerful instinct, reason interrupts his career, and asks him whether he may not bring beings into the world for whom he cannot provide the means of support.
Page 19 - Promiscuous intercourse, unnatural passions, violations of the marriage bed, and improper arts to conceal the consequences of irregular connections, are preventive checks that clearly come under the head of vice.
Page 2 - To enter fully into this question, and to enumerate all the causes that have hitherto influenced human improvement, would be much beyond the power of an individual. The principal object of the present essay is to examine the effects of one great cause intimately united with the very nature of man, which, though it has been constantly and powerfully operating since the commencement of society, has been little noticed by the writers who have treated this subject.
Page 2 - The cause to which I allude is the constant tendency in all animated life to increase beyond the nourishment prepared for it. It is observed by Dr. Franklin that there is no bound to the prolific nature of plants or animals but what is made by their crowding and interfering with each other's means of subsistence.
Page 8 - ... population, when unchecked, goes on doubling itself every twentyfive years, or increases in a geometrical ratio.