The Asrama System : The History and Hermeneutics of a Religious Institution: The History and Hermeneutics of a Religious Institution
Austin Patrick Olivelle Chair of the Department of Asian Studies and Director of the Center for Asian Studies University of Texas
Oxford University Press, USA, Sep 11, 1993 - Religion - 288 pages
The lesser known and explored of the two pillars of Hinduism--asrama and varna--asrama is the name given to a system of four distinct and legitimate ways of leading a religious life: as a celibate student, a married householder, a forest hermit, and a world renouncer. In this, the first full-length study of the asrama system, Olivelle uncovers its origin and traces its subsequent history. He examines in depth its relationship to other institutional and doctrinal aspects of the Brahmanical world and its position within Brahmanical theology, and assesses its significance within the history of Indian religion. Throughout, he argues that the asrama system is primarily a theological construct and that the system and its history should be carefully distinguished from the socio-religious institutions comprehended by the system and from their respective histories.
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according Advaita Apastamba ApDh appears argument ascetic asrama system Baudhayana Brahmanical Brahmanical theology Brahmanical tradition Buddhist celibate asramas century c.e. cited classical formulation classical system commentary common era context death debts dharma Dharmasutras discussion doctrine duties example explicitly father forest hermit four asramas Gautama gods Gonda Grhyasutra hermeneutical hermit householder householder's Indian injunctions institutions interpretation Jabala Kalidasa Kane king later literature live Mahabharata Malamoud Manu marriage married meaning medieval mendicant Mimamsa modes old age Olivelle original asrama system original formulation original system Paramahamsa parisad passage perform period person Purana reference regarding religious renunciation rites ritual sacred fire sacrifice sacrificial string Samkara seers significant Smrtis social Sprockhoff sramana student studentship Sudras sutra teacher term asrama theology three asramas tion twice-born Upanisad VaDh VaiDh Vaikhanasa varnas varnas and asramas Vasistha Vedas vedic initiation vedic text verse Vijnanesvara Visnu wife Yajnavalkya yuga
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