Our Winter Birds: How to Know and how to Attract Them

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D. Appleton, 1918 - Birds - 180 pages
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Page 54 - Bird Studies with a Camera. With Introductory Chapters on the Outfit and Methods of the Bird Photographer. By FRANK M. CHAPMAN, Assistant Curator of Vertebrate Zoology in the American Museum of Natural History ; Author of ** Handbook of Birds of Eastern North America
Page 10 - ... and the cankerworm were remarkably prevalent. The only other orchard in the neighborhood that produced any fruit whatever was that of the nearest neighbor. This had been partly protected by tarred bands and partly by the birds from my place. Elsewhere in the town most of the apple trees were defoliated, and very few produced any fruit that year. While the result secured in such an exceptional year seemed remarkable, the experience of succeeding years has demonstrated that it was not so. Year...
Page 10 - Year after year we have kept the trees free from insect injury, without spraying or otherwise protecting the foliage, merely by a little effort and expenditure to attract the birds and furnish them safe homes. While the protection of the tree itself is essential (ie, its trunk, limbs, twigs, and bark), the protection of its foliage, which shades the fruit and so allows it to mature, is also imperative.
Page 10 - ... spring came, efforts were made to attract the summer birds to the orchard. These attempts met with such signal success that, although most of the eggs and young birds were destroyed by cats, boys, crows, and other agencies, the remaining injurious insects were so completely disposed of by the birds that the trees bore luxuriant foliage during the entire summer, and produced a good crop of fruit.
Page 110 - Longspur's winter notes are described as "a harsh and rattling chirr, less musical than the roll of the Snow Bunting," and a sweet "tyee," which corresponds to the "tee
Page 87 - In March and April the males continue the lisping note, put more and more power into it, and then by a descending trill fall, as it were, from the height to which they have scaled — this is the song of the Golden-crowned Kinglet.
Page 9 - Various kinds of food were offered them, but this did not prevent the birds from doing some foraging on their own account.
Page 128 - The Sparrow Hawk's call is a high, rapidly repeated "Killy, killy, killy," which in the south gives it the name of "Killy Hawk.1' This note is givea on the wing, especially by the male in the mating season.
Page 15 - We cannot expect the birds to be more than passing callers unless we provide them with lodging as well as with food. Evergreens make the best birds' bed-rooms, and they can be used the year around.
Page 15 - Densely planted bushes and tangles of vines on southern exposures make safe and snug sleeping quarters even when the leaves are off.

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