American Generals of the Revolutionary War: A Biographical Dictionary
At the outbreak of the American Revolution in 1775, the colonies faced the daunting task of creating the first American army, and its requisite leadership, capable of combating a global superpower whose standing army and general ship were among the finest in the world. Built largely from state and local militias, the colonial army performed surprisingly well and produced a number of fine generals. Some were experienced before the war, like George Washington of the Virginia Militia and the British-born Horatio Gates, while others were as green as the soldiers they led.
This book presents basic biographical information about America's first generals in the Revolutionary War. Included are all generals of the Continental Army, along with those commissioned in the colonies' militias. Drawn from primary sources, including death and census records, records of the Continental Congress, and contemporary writings, each biographical sketch provides date and place of birth, prewar education and occupation, wartime service, date and place of death, and place of burial. Portraits of each general are included where available, and appendices display important statistics, including comparative ages; occupations; officers lost by death, resignation, murder or changing loyalty; and states or countries of origin.
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American appointed April Arnold August battle battle of Brandywine battle of Germantown battle of Monmouth battles of Trenton became born Boston British army buried campaign captain captured Cemetery Charles Charleston Clark Colonies commis commissioned a brigadier commissioned colonel Connecticut Continental Army Continental Congress County couple December defense delegate died elected eral expedition February fighting Following forces fought French and Indian Gates George Georgia given command governor Hampshire Headley Heitman James January Jersey John Joseph July June land legislature Lewis lieutenant colonel mand March Maryland Massachusetts military Militia Moultrie Nathaniel necticut North November October officer olina Pennsylvania Philadelphia promoted Provincial Congress Putnam rank of brigadier rank of major received Regiment resigned his commission returned Revolution Rhode Island Samuel Saratoga Saratoga Campaign Schuyler September served siege siege of Boston sioned South Carolina Thomas Ticonderoga tion took troops Virginia Washington William wounded York Yorktown