The Erotic Life of Manuscripts: New Testament Textual Criticism and the Biological Sciences
"Since the New Testament's inception as written text, its manuscripts have been subject to all the dangers of history: scribal error, emendation, injury, and total destruction. The traditional goal of modern textual criticism has been to reconstruct an "original text" from surviving manuscripts, adjudicating among all the variant texts resulting from the slips, additions, and embellishments of scribal hand-copying. Because of the way manuscripts circulate and give rise to new copies, it can be said that they have an "erotic" life: they mate and breed, bear offspring, and generate families and descendants. The Erotic Life of Manuscripts explores this curious relationship between the field of New Testament textual criticism and the biological sciences, beginning in the eighteenth century and extending into the present. New Testament textual critics who used language to group texts into families and genealogies were not pioneering new approaches, but rather borrowing the metaphors and methods of natural scientists. Texts began to be classified into "families, tribes, and nations," and later were racialized as "African" or "Asian," with distinguishable "textual physiognomies" and "textual complexions." These genealogies would later be traced to show the inheritance of "corruptions" and "contamination" through generations, an understanding of textual diversity reflective of eighteenth- and ninteenth-century European anxieties over racial corruption and degeneration. While these biological metaphors have been powerful tools for textual critics, they also produce problematic understandings of textual "purity" and agency, with the use of scientific discourse artificially separating the work of textual criticism from literary interpretation. Yii-Jan Lin traces the use of metaphors and methods from the biological sciences by New Testament textual critics to show how the use of biological classification, genealogy, evolutionary theory, and phylogenetics has shaped--and limited--the goals of the field, the greatest of which is the establishment of an authoritative, original text. The conclusion of this study proposes new metaphors for the field"--
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The Erotic Life of Manuscripts: New Testament Textual Criticism and the ...
Limited preview - 2015
Aland analogy ancestor Bart Bart D Bart Ehrman Bengel Biblical Literature biological Brooke Foss Westcott Buffon Byzantine Cambridge University Press Canterbury Tales CBGM century Chapter cladistics classification codices coherence copy corruption create cyborg Darwin Darwin’s theory David degeneration discourse discussion edition Eldon Emphasis added evidence evolution evolutionary example field gene genetic Gerd Mink Greek New Testament history of textual Hort’s human Ibid initial text interpretation Johann Albrecht Bengel John Lachmann letter literary living text Majority Text manuscripts Mendel’s metaphor Metzger and Ehrman Münster narrative textual criticism natural selection Novum Testamentum Graece organisms Origin of Species original text Parker Philology phylogenetic Phylogeny present race racial relationships scholars scholarship scribes SplitsTree stemma stemmata Stemmatology Streeter Studies Testament textual criticism text types text-type textual tradition textual transmission Textus Receptus tion tree tual criticism University of Münster variant readings Westcott and Hort Western