Regulation in the Regan-Bush Era: The Eruption of Presidential Influence
This timely and well-researched study describes for the first time the astonishing acquiescence of executive agency officials, members of Congress, and federal judges to Ronald Regan's assertion of extraordinary new presidential power over the federal regulatory process--the controversial Executive Order 12291.
From Harry Truman through Jimmy Carter, chief executives complained that federal bureaucrats disregarded their policy preferences. presidential influence over regulatory rule making was limited: congressional committees and interest groups commanded more attention. Then in February 1981 Ronald Reagan abruptly departed from tradition by ordering that regulatory agencies must submit proposed guidelines for Office of Management and Budget approval.
Barry D. Friedman describes how the executive agencies and Congress responded warily and with skepticism, yet allowed the changes to remain; the judiciary was also willing to retreat from time-honored precedents that had preserved agency prerogative and now accorded due respect to the revolutionary Regan reform initiatives. Institutions that competed for leverage in the system continued to exercise restraint in their mutual relations because they recognized that all benefited from the others' viability.
This book shows that conventional political science theories and models are now obsolete because of the eruption of presidential control into bureaucratic affairs. new review procedures have restructured relations between the president and the agencies and among the government's three branches. because of Regan's radical initiative, President Bill Clinton and his successors will sit at the bargaining table when regulation policy is developed in Washington, and political theorists will have to work from a new conception of presidential prerogative.
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3 Processes of Regulatory Relief
4 Concerns About Implementation
5 The Executive Agencies
6 Congresss Involvemnet in Regulation and Reform
7 Judicial Reaction to Presidential Control
8 Three Case Studies
9 Implications for Regulatory Reform
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Administrative Law Review Administrative Procedure Act agency’s appointments authority beneﬁts Bryner bureaucracy Bush’s Carter Clinton Committee on Governmental compliance costs conﬂict Cong Congress congressional Constitution cost-beneﬁt analysis decisions delegated Department deregulation Eads and Fix economic regulation Environmental EPA’s executive agencies executive branch Executive Order Executive Order 12291 Federal Regulation ﬁnal ﬁnd ﬁrst Goodman and Wrightson Governmental Affairs grain dust Hearings on Regulatory Ibid industry inﬂuence institutions interest groups Interview involvement issue Jay Plager judicial latory Management and Budget Ofﬁce ofﬁcials OIRA OIRA administrator OIRA desk officer OMB director OMB Watch OMB’s OSHA OSHA’S Oversight Paperwork Reduction Act proposed regulations Quayle Quoted RARG Reagan administration Reagan administration’s reﬂected regu regulatory agencies regulatory analysis regulatory policy regulatory reform regulatory review process Relief reported role Ronald Reagan rule rule-making Senate social regulation speciﬁc standard Subcommittee Supreme Court task force tion U.S. Congress Vice President Washington White House