Maori: A Linguistic Introduction
Mäori, the indigenous language of New Zealand, is an endangered, minority language, with an important role in the culture and identity of the Mäori community. This comprehensive overview looks at all aspects of the Mäori language: its history, its dialects, its sounds and grammar, its current status and the efforts being made by the Mäori community and the state to ensure its survival. Central chapters provide an overall sketch of the structure of Mäori while highlighting those aspects which have been the subject of detailed linguistic analysis - particularly phonology (sound structure) and morphology (word structure). Though addressed primarily to those with some knowledge of linguistics, this book describes a language with a wealth of interesting features. It will interest anyone wishing to study the structure of a minority language, in fields as diverse as typology, sociolinguistics and linguistic anthropology, as well as all those interested in endangered languages and their preservation.
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Table 45 Frequency of short vowels
5 The morphology of Maori
6 The syntax of Maori
past and ai to nonpresent In the present ai is
7 The sociolinguistic situation of Maori
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a-marking Actor Emphatic adjectives agent allomorphs Bauer Biggs chapter complement consonant constructions Cook Islands deﬁnite Det.Pl dialects diphthongs Eastern Polynesian Eastern Polynesian languages English especially examples ﬁgures ﬁnal ﬁrst ﬁve further grammar H¯one haere Harlow Hohepa identiﬁed innovations instance intransitive K¯aore Lacy lexical locative long vowels M¯aori language M¯oriori marae marked matua meaning middle verbs modern M¯aori modiﬁes moræ morpheme neuter verbs ng¯a Ng¯ati nominal phrases nominalisations nouns object occur particles passive sufﬁx pattern phonemes phonological phonotactics plural PN languages Polynesian languages position possessive possessor preﬁx prepositions pronouns pronunciation pukapuka r¯atou reduplication referred reﬂects reﬂexes relative clause Rewi sentence sequences short vowels song South Island speakers speciﬁc speech stress subgroups superﬁcially syllable Table Tahitian tangata tense/aspect markers transitive transitive verbs types variation vocabulary Vocoid wahine waiata waka whaka whare words Zealand Zealand English