This book offers a detailed account of Inca history, society, and culture through the lens of archaeology, written documents, and ethnographic accounts of native Andeans. Throughout the Andes, public works ordained by the emperors of the Incas dominate and transform the natural landscape. Cities, temples and fortresses of stone, marvelously engineered roads cut through sheer mountain slopes, massive agricultural terraces, and hydraulic works are emblematic of Inca power. In this book, Alan L. Kolata examines how these awesome material products came into being. What were the cultural institutions that gave impetus to the Incas' imperial ambition? What form of power did the Incas exercise over their conquered provinces, far from the imperial capital of Cuzco? How did they mobilize the staggering labor force that sustained their war machine and built their empire? What kind of perceptions and religious beliefs informed Inca worldview?
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Sources and Origins
Kinship and Class in the Realm of
Land Labor and the Social
Religion and Spirituality among the Inca
Kingship Statecraft and Administration
Qoya by Martin de Murua
afﬁliation agricultural ancestors Andean aqllakuna Atawallpa authority ayllu Aymara beliefs beneﬁts Betanzos Cajamarca camelid charismatic Chimor Chinchaysuyu Cieza Cieza de Leon Cobo Collasuyu concept conquest cults cultural Cuzco deﬁned deity divine economic emperor empire’s ethnic groups festivals ﬁelds ﬁgures ﬁnal ﬁrst ﬂowed forces god—king Hanan hegemony hierarchy highlands historical households Huayna Capac Hurin imperial Inca elite Inca Empire Inca kings Inca nobility Inca society Inca’s indigenous inﬂuence Inka kamayuqkuna khipu king’s kinship kurakas labor Lake Titicaca land landscape lineages llama lords maize Manco marriage military mitmaq mitmaqkuna native nature noble non—Inca obligations ofﬁcials Pachakuti panaqas Peru Pizarro plaza political practices principal production provinces Punchao realm reﬂect relations religious ritual Rostworowski royal sacriﬁces Sapa Inca shared shrines signiﬁcant social power Spanish speciﬁc status strategic structures subject populations symbolic territory tion Tiwanaku tribute Viracocha viral hegemony wak’as Waskhar Wayna Qhapaq worship yanakuna Yupanki zeq’e system