The Oxford Handbook of Legislative Studies

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Shane Martin, Thomas Saalfeld, Kaare W. Strøm
OUP Oxford, Jun 19, 2014 - Political Science - 800 pages
Legislatures are political bodies essential to democracy and the rule of law. They present social scientists with numerous intriguing puzzles, with far-reaching implications for our understanding of political institutions. Why, and how, have these ancient assemblies, established in pre-democratic times, survived the transition to mass democracies? How have they adapted? How do they structure such processes as budgeting, legislation, and executive oversight? How do their members get selected, and what consequences flow from differences in these rules? What roles do committees and political parties play in contemporary legislatures? What functions do legislatures perform in autocratic, semi-democratic or recently democratized societies? What explains the similarities and differences in legislative rules, powers and recruitment? What are the policy and other consequences of variation in how legislatures are organized and function? The 33 chapters in The Oxford Handbook of Legislative Studies, written by 47 of the most distinguished legislative scholars, provide a comprehensive and up-to-date description and assessment of the state of the art in legislative studies. Key themes explored include theoretical paradigms and methodological approaches to the study of legislatures, representation and legislative careers, internal organization, the role of parties within legislatures and the role of legislatures in policy making and accountability. The Handbook also explores the emergence of parliaments in historical and contemporary contexts, including new democracies and trans-national institutions.

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About the Contributors
Formal Models of Legislatures
The Sociology of Legislators and Legislatures
Typologies and Classifications
RollCall Analysis and the Study of Legislatures
Content Analysis in Legislative Studies
Debate and Deliberation in Legislatures
Party Discipline
Legislative Party Switching
Legislative Institutions and Coalition Government
Institutional Foundations of Legislative AgendaSetting
Legislatures and Public Finance
Legislatures Lobbying and Interest Groups
Legislatures and Foreign Policy

Interviews and Surveys in Legislative Research
The Experimental Study of Legislative Behaviour
Implications and Challenges for Legislative
The Effect of Electoral Institutions on Legislative Behaviour
Gender and Legislatures
Roles in Legislatures
Legislative Careers
Procedure and Rules in Legislatures
The Politics of Bicameralism
Political Parties and Legislators
Common Agency? Legislatures and Bureaucracies
Political Behaviour in the European Parliament
SubNational Legislatures
The Study of Legislatures in Latin America
Legislatures in Central and Eastern Europe
Authoritarian Legislatures
Reluctant Democrats and Their Legislatures
Name Index
Subject Index

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About the author (2014)

Shane Martin is Reader in Comparative Politics, University of Leicester. Thomas Saalfeld is Professor of Political Science at the University of Bamberg and the founding Director of the Bamberg Graduate School of Social Sciences. Kaare W. Strøm is Distinguished Professor of Political Science at the University of California, San Diego.

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