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acquired act of Congress admitted adopted African race argument Articles of Confederation authority averment belonging born brought ceded cession Chief Justice Circuit Court citizens citizenship claim clause colonies Confederation conferred consent Court of Missouri decided decision declaration defendant degrees thirty minutes demurrer domicil Dred Scott emancipation Emerson entitled establish exclusively exercise exist facts Federal Government foreign freedom Harriet held Illinois inhabitants judgment judicial jury Justice Camprell Justice Curtis Justice McLean lands legislation limits Lord Stowell Louisiana marriage master ment Missouri compromise mulatto nation needful rules North Carolina opinion ordinance of 1787 parties plaintiff plaintiff in error plea in abatement pleading political power of Congress principles privileges and immunities prohibit slavery provision question recognised regulations respecting residence respecting the territory rules and regulations Sandford slavery Snelling Somersett's sovereignty status Supreme Court Territory of Wisconsin tion treaty Union United Virginia vols words writ of error
Page 594 - There shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude in the said territory otherwise than in the punishment of crimes, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted; Provided, always, That any person escaping into the same, from whom labor or service is lawfully claimed in any one of the original States, such fugitive may be lawfully reclaimed and conveyed to the person claiming his or her labor or service as aforesaid.
Page 537 - The Migration or Importation of such Persons as any of the States now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the Year 1808, but a Tax or duty may be imposed on such Importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each Person.
Page 406 - On the contrary they were at that time considered as a subordinate and inferior class of beings, who had been subjugated by the dominant race, and whether emancipated or not, yet remained subject to their authority, and had no rights or privileges but such as those who held the power and the Government might choose to grant them.
Page 558 - The inhabitants of the ceded territory shall be incorporated in the Union of the United States and admitted as soon as possible according to the principles of the federal Constitution to the enjoyment of all the rights, advantages and immunities of citizens of the United States, and in the mean time they shall be maintained and protected in the free enjoyment of their liberty, property and the Religion which they profess.
Page 446 - The constitution vests the whole judicial power of the United States in one Supreme Court, and such inferior courts as congress shall, from time to time, ordain and establish.
Page 502 - ... in all cases of taxation and internal polity subject only to the negative of their sovereign, in such manner as has been heretofore used and accustomed...
Page 539 - Resolved that provision ought to be made for the admission of States lawfully arising within the limits of the United States, whether from a voluntary junction of Government and Territory or otherwise, with the consent of a number of voices in the National legislature less than the whole.
Page 547 - Waiving the question of the constitutional authority of the Legislature to establish an incorporated bank as being precluded in my judgment by repeated recognitions under varied circumstances of the validity of such an institution in acts of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of the Government, accompanied by indications, in different modes, of a concurrence of the general will of the nation...
Page 537 - Twenty years will produce all the mischief that can be apprehended from the liberty to import slaves. So long a term will be more dishonorable to the American character than to say nothing about it in the Constitution.