The Rabbinic Targum of Lamentations: Vindicating God
Christian M. M. Brady
BRILL, Jan 1, 2003 - Religion - 187 pages
This volume is a study of how Targum Lamentations (TgLam) interpreted and responded to the theologically challenging message of the Book of Lamentations. Through various exegetical techniques the targumist has transformed Lamentations into a rabbinic program for the synagogue. The first section examines how the targumist demonstrated that Israel herself is responsible for the destruction of Jerusalem and thus absolves God of all culpability. Yet the targumist continues to assert that God is the ultimate source of all history. The second section examines how the targumist depicts God as orchestrating events through his action and abstention. Finally, the targum argues that reconciliation with God can only come about through repentance and rabbinic worship. A new translation and a transcription of TgLam from Codex Urbinas Hebr. 1 is included.
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Adam and Eve addition Aggadah aggadic Albrektson Aramaic Aramaic Bible Attribute of Justice audience biblical text Book of Lamentations chapter commandments Congregation of Israel context daughter declare described destroyed destruction of Jerusalem Deut discussion disobedience Dobbs-Allsopp Edom emphasizes enemies example exegetical fate found in TgLam God's hand Hebrew text High Priest Holy House of Israel House of Judah identify instance interpretation Israel's rebellion Jeremiah Jewish Josiah LamR Proem Levine Linafelt LORD Memra mercy mezuzah midrash midrashim Mishnah mourning nations Nebuchadnezzar night ninth of Ab Nio>o passage phrase poets present Proem prophecy punishment rabbinic literature reading reference refused rendering repentance represent Shekinah Shema sins Solger stich suffering Surviving Lamentations sword synagogue Ta'an Targum Lamentations targumim targumist Temple text of Lamentations Textual Tradition TgLam theological Tisha b'Ab Torah translation unclean verb verse virgins weeping wicked Nebuchadnezzar word Zechariah Zedekiah Zion's