Flight investigation of cockpit-displayed traffic information utilizing coded symbology in an advanced operational environment

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National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Scientific and Technical Information Office, 1980 - 31 pages
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Studies initiated during the early 1970's provided initial exploration of traffic-situation display concepts in a simulation environment. During the present study, the traffic symbology was encoded to provide additional information concerning the traffic, which was displayed on the pilots' electronic horizontal situation indicators (EHSI). The purpose of this study, which was conducted using a research airplane representing an advanced operational environment, was to assess the benefit of coded traffic symbology in a realistic work-load environment. Traffic scenarios, involving both conflict-free and conflict situations, were employed. Subjective pilot commentary was obtained through the use of a questionnaire and extensive pilot debriefings. These results grouped conventiently under two categories: display factors and task performance. A major item under the display factor category was the problem of display clutter. The primary contributors to clutter were the use of large map-scale factors, the use of traffic data blocks, and the presentation of more than a few airplanes. In terms of task performance, the CDTI was found to provide excellent overall situation awareness. Additionally, the pilots expressed a willingness to utilize lesser spacing than the 2 1/2 nautical mile separation prescribed during these tests. (Author).

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