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accent accusative Adjectives adverbs anacrusis anapaest Antispastic ANTISTROPHE aorist middle aorist passive arsis Attic augment caesura catalectic Choriambic compounds conjugation consonant contracted cretic dactyl dative declension denote derived dialect dimeter dimeter catalectic dimeter hypercatalectic diphthong Dochmiac dimeter Doric doubtful vowel Dual Elmsley epic Eurip feminine final syllable foot genitive Glyconic Greek Hence Hermann Homer Iambic monometer iambic trimeter iambus imperative imperfect infinitive Ionic irpo Kara last syllable Latin Leipsic lengthened letter long syllable long vowel measure Metr monometer monometer hypercatalectic MOOD neuter nominative nouns occurs optative OPTATIVE MOOD participle particle penult perfect middle perfect passive pluperfect poets preceding preposition present pronoun reduplication root second aorist Second Future short syllables short vowel signification Singular sometimes Soph spondee STROPHE subjunctive tenses termination tetrameter third person plural tive toiv tragic writers Trochaic Trochaic dimeter trochee verbs verse vocative word
Page 10 - Hurl'd often cuts off the vowel at the end of a word, when the next word begins with a vowel; though he does not like the Greeks wholly drop the vowel, but lull retains it in writing like the Latins.
Page 83 - II. From an attentive examination of the subject, the illustrious Bentley was led to conclude, that the words before which these deviations from the usual rules of prosody took place, although beginning with a vowel, must have been pronounced at least, if not written, as if beginning with a consonant. He recollected, that some ancient grammarians mentioned a letter as more particularly used by the...
Page 135 - Both represent an action, not as something real, but rather as something only conceived of. That which is conceived of, however, is either something merely possible, probable, desirable, and, consequently, uncertain, or something which, as it depends on external circumstances, may be expected with some definiteness. The former is expressed by the optative, the latter by the subjunctive.
Page 85 - We can not pretend to know any thing about the way in which the contemporaries of Homer pronounced poetry. But, where so much was left to recitation, it is probable that the difference between long and short syllables, or those which occupied respectively the places of long and short, would be more marked than at a subsequent age, when refinement might moderate the vehemence of intonation, and the readier access to writing superseded the necessity of reciting. Certain, however, it is, that when we...
Page 85 - Certain, however, it is, that, when we perceive short syllables lengthened, and cannot have recourse to the aid of a digamma, we find that they occupy the long place of the dactyl. We therefore account for the temporary elongation by considering the place which they occupy in the verse ; and we call it the effect of ictus metricus, or arsis.
Page 126 - Greeks, as might be supposed, is shown in their language ; and illustrates their tendency in early times to look upon themselves in all reflex acts, whether external or internal, as patients rather than agents ; a tendency, to use the words of another, which is exemplified in every page of the Homeric poems, and which belongs more or less to every people in an early stage of civilization, before the nation comes of age, .and acquires the consciousness along with the free use of its powers. This seems...
Page 71 - KuKouaífiova, ка1 катаратоу тгатрое aftirXaxlaicHerman, p. 377=240.) 5. Very rarely, and perhaps not agreeably, in the Dactylic dipodia the Spondee is found to precede the Dactyl: of the two following instances, the first presents the more objectionable form; the second, succeeded by a Dactyl and Spondee, can hardly be said to offend at all : Androm. 1228=1204. eaipuv See TIC, \ XCVK>)V аШра Trop6[iev¿iicvoc, I ...... Iph. A. 161 =159. OVTITUV S
Page 41 - METRE. 1 . Metre, in its general sense, means an arrangement of syllables and feet in verse, according to certain rules ; and in this sense applies, not only to an entire verse, but to part of a verse, or to any number of verses.
Page 8 - We still, however, see the visible marks on the page, and we know that the acute accent ( ' ) can stand only on one of the last three syllables of a word ; the circumflex ( " ) on one of the last two ; the grave (
Page 135 - let me see ; " \ícrtrú>fí' àvépa TOVTOV, " let me supplicate this man." 2. The subjunctive is employed in questions of indecision and doubt, when a person asks himself or another what he is to do. In these cases, it occurs, as in the previous instances, without at/, and with or without an interrogative particle. Thus : A.v6t fieva учета тоТоч, ще веш /лета a...