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abolitionists acceded admitted adopted Alexander Hamilton America argument Articles of Confederation assertion authority branch of Congress Calhoun chap clause colonies committee on style confederacy Consti Constitution a compact contrary Convention of 1787 delegated denied denounced doctrine England ernment established exercise existence fact faction fathers favor Federal Government Federalist Gouverneur Morris Governor Morris Hartford Convention Hence heresy Ibid idea James Madison Jefferson John Quincy Adams Judge Story Justice Story language legislation Legislature Madison Papers majority Massachusetts ment national government never North Northern old Articles opinion oppression ordained original pact parties Patrick Henry perfectly principle question ratified reason regard republics resolution right of secession right to secede says seen slave power slaves solemn compact South South Carolina Southern sovereign sovereign power sovereignty speech stipulations stitution Story and Webster supreme theory thing tion true truth tution United vention Virginia vote whole words
Page 56 - In determining questions in the United States, in Congress assembled, each State shall have one vote. Freedom of speech and debate in Congress shall not be impeached or questioned in any court, or place out of Congress, and the members of Congress shall be protected in...
Page 248 - Among the numerous advantages promised by a wellconstructed Union, none deserves to be more accurately developed than its tendency to break and control the violence of faction. The friend of popular governments never finds himself so much alarmed for their character and fate, as when he contemplates their propensity to this dangerous vice.
Page 207 - Government is the exclusive judge of the extent of the powers delegated to it, stop nothing [short] of despotism — since the discretion of those who administer the government, and not the Constitution, would be the measure of their powers: That the several states who formed that instrument being sovereign and independent, have the unquestionable right to judge of the infraction; and, That a Nullification by those sovereignties, of all unauthorized acts done under color of that instrument is the...
Page 135 - The people of this Common-wealth have the sole and exclusive right of governing themselves as a free, sovereign and independent State ; and do, and forever hereafter shall, exercise and enjoy every power, jurisdiction and right, •which is not, or may not hereafter, be by them expressly delegated to the United States of America, in Congress assembled.
Page 254 - To secure the public good and private rights against the danger of such a faction, and at the same time to preserve the spirit and the form of popular government, is then the great object to which our inquiries are directed.
Page 165 - And the articles of this Confederation shall be inviolably observed by every State, and the union shall be perpetual ; nor shall any alteration at any time hereafter be made in any of them, unless such alteration be agreed to in a Congress of the United States, and be afterwards confirmed by the legislatures of every State.
Page 201 - Union are virtually dissolved; that the States which compose it are free from their moral obligations, and that as it will be the right of all, so it will be the duty of some, to prepare definitely for a separation, amicably if they can, violently if they must.
Page 208 - That the government created by this compact was not made the exclusive or final judge of the extent of the powers delegated to itself; since that would have made its discretion, and not the Constitution, the measure of its powers; but that, as in all other cases of compact among parties having no common judge, each party has an equal right to judge for itself, as well of infractions, as of the mode and measure of redress.
Page 63 - I always thought that, when we should acquire Canada and Louisiana it would be proper to govern them as provinces, and allow them no voice in our councils. In wording the third section of the fourth article, I went as far as circumstances would permit to establish the exclusion. Candor obliges me to add my belief, that, had it been more pointedly expressed, a strong opposition would have been made.