Influences of Culture on the Style of Business Behavior Between Western and Arab Managers
GRIN Verlag, 2007 - 112 pages
Thesis (M.A.) from the year 2006 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: 1, University of Vienna (BWZ - Betriebswirtschaftliches Zentrum), 60 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: International business activities are expanding significantly and so awareness of both cultural similarities and differences is becoming increasingly important. Internationalization is no longer a foreign word and more and more business people now undertake the task of doing business outside of their home country. To succeed in international business requires an understanding of various cultures and the sensitivity to cope with differences. While doing business with people from many nations, a sense of dealing with conflicting approaches is inevitable. Managers with global views and skills in international communication are more sought after than ever. At the same time, managers are seeking ways to participate in cross-cultural management and to avoid any misinterpretation.
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THE ARAB SOCIETY
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activities Arab banking Arab countries Arab culture Arab executives Arab individuals Arab League Arab management Arab society Arab world argued Asheghian Barakat basic believe Bjerke and Al-Meer bribery business behavior Çad¯Ğ Caliph concepts conflicts context cross-cultural cultural differences cultural values deal developing countries different cultures economic ethical ethnocentrism example expression eye contact Gesteland gestures global Hall hand Harris and Moran high-context culture Hodgetts and Luthans Hofstede important influence intercultural communication intercultural competence international business international managers Islamic world Lammens leader low-context cultures meaning Mecca messages Middle East million Muslims monochronic Mooij MuÇammad Muna negotiating Nonverbal communication norms Novinger one’s organizations Ottoman Empire person political polychronic population power distance Prophet refers relations relationship-focused relationships religion religious result rituals role Saudi Arabia situation social stereotypes style sunna term Ting-Toomey tradition Trompenaars uncertainty avoidance understanding United Arab Emirates Usunier wasta women word
Page 35 - Culture consists of patterns, explicit and implicit, of and for behavior acquired and transmitted by symbols, constituting the distinctive achievement of human groups, including their embodiments in artifacts; the essential core of culture consists of traditional (ie, historically derived and selected) ideas and especially their attached values...
Page 35 - ... culture systems may, on the one hand, be considered as products of action, on the other as conditioning elements of further action.
Page 37 - Culture hides much more than it reveals, and strangely enough what it hides, it hides most effectively from its own participants. Years of study have convinced me that the real job is not to understand foreign culture but to understand our own.
Page 53 - the extent to which a society accepts the fact that power in institutions and organizations is distributed unequally."27 Uncertainty Avoidance is "the extent to which a society feels threatened by uncertain and ambiguous situations and tries to avoid...
Page 49 - Sumner attaches much importance to "ethnocentrism," the "view of things in which one's own group is the center of everything, and all others are scaled and rated with reference to it."96 According to Sumner, "Each group nourishes its own pride and vanity, boasts itself superior, exalts its own divinities, and looks with contempt on outsiders. Each group thinks its own folkways the only right ones, and if it observes that other groups have other folkways, these excite its scorn.
Page 36 - It is the collective programming of the mind which distinguishes the members of one group or category of people from another.
Page 37 - Rokeach (1973, p. 6) defines a value as "an enduring belief that a specific mode of conduct or end-state of existence is personally or socially preferable to an opposite or converse mode of conduct or end state of existence.
Page 40 - Culture and communication are inseparable, because culture not only dictates who talks with whom, about what, and how the communication proceeds, it also helps to determine how people encode messages, the meanings they have for messages, and the conditions and circumstances under which various messages may or may not be sent, noticed or interpreted.