Native American Freemasonry: Associationalism and Performance in America

Front Cover
U of Nebraska Press, 2011 - Social Science - 329 pages
Freemasonry has played a significant role in the history of Native Americans since the colonial era?a role whose extent and meaning are fully explored for the first time in this book. The work?s overarching concern is with how Masonry met specific social and personal needs, a theme developed across three significant periods of membership: the revolutionary era, the last third of the nineteenth century, and the years following the First World War. Joy Porter places Freemasonry into historical context, revealing its social and political impact as a transatlantic phenomenon at the heart of the colonizing process. She then explores its meaning for many of the key Native leaders over time, for the ethnic groups who sought to make connections with it, and for the bulk of its American membership?the white, Anglo-Saxon Protestant middle class.
Porter contends that Freemasonry offered special access to Native Americans through its performance of ritual, an assertion borne out by a wealth of contemporary manuscripts, newspapers, pamphlets, Masonic sermons, orations, and lodge records and writings by Masonic historians and antiquarians gleaned from archives in New York, Philadelphia, Oklahoma, California, and London. Through these documents, she demonstrates that over time, Freemasonry became a significant avenue for the exchange, and perhaps even cocreation, of cultural forms by Indians and non-Indians.
 

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Contents

1 Approaching Native American Freemasonry Part One
1
2 Approaching Native American Freemasonry Part Two
27
From Europe to the United States
40
Class Race and Social Hierarchy
79
5 The Attractions of Freemasonry to Indians and Others Part One
105
6 The Attractions of Freemasonry to Indians and Others Part Two
150
The Revolutionary Era
189
The Settlement of the West and the Civil War Era
207
The Nineteenth a nd Twentieth Centuries
227
Understanding Associationalism and the Declining Role of Fraternalism in American Life
256
Notes
271
Bibliography
297
Index
321
Copyright

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About the author (2011)

Joy Porter is an associate dean and senior lecturer at Swansea University in Wales. She is the coauthor of Competing Voices from Native America: Fighting Words and the coeditor of The Cambridge Companion to Native American Literature.

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