The Dispossessed: An Anatomy of Exile

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Univ of Massachusetts Press, 2005 - Political Science - 362 pages
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Edward Said once noted that exile is compelling to think about, but terrible to experience. The Dispossessed, a collection of thoughtful essays and critical commentaries on the meaning of exile, reverberates with the significance of Said's terse comment. After a foreword by actor and activist Liv Ullmann and an introduction by Peter I. Rose, the reader is offered a series of essays examining the experiences of refugees in various parts of the world, with particular attention to the disruptions caused by World War II. dispossessed, the role of key players and concerned citizens willing to extend themselves to provide safe havens and new opportunities for those forced to flee their homelands, and examples of the contributions of refugees, particularly refugee intellectuals, to their host societies. Throughout the volume there are two unifying motifs: the plight of displaced people, be they escapees, expellees, or hapless victims caught in the crossfire of other people's conflicts, and the role of others in attempting to mitigate the predicaments of the displaced. The book is divided into four sections. The first explores the meaning of home for those forced to leave it. who lived in western Massachusetts in the 1930s and 1940s or had connections to Smith College and other institution in the area. The third section details the problems of adjustment and the cultural impact of scientists, artists, filmmakers, and writers on their host societies in the years before, during, and immediately after World War II. A brief fourth section consists of the reflections of two more recent refugees, a Cuban father and son, the elder a psychiatrist and poet, the younger a sociologist who specializes in immigration and the plight of the dispossessed. colloquium, The Anatomy of Exile, at Smith College or participants in one of two conferences held in conjunction with the colloquium. They include Dierdre Bonifaz, Lale Aka Burk, Polina Dimova, Donna Robinson Divine, Saverio Giovacchini, Ruth Gruber, Gertraud E. G. Gutzmann, Charles Killinger, Karen Koehler, Orm Overland, Thalia Pandiri, Ruben D. Rumbaut and Ruben G. Rumbaut, Richard Unsworth, and Krishna Winston.
 

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Contents

FORCED OUT
1
Exiled in the Homeland
7
Exiled in the Homeland
27
Voices from the Asia Minor Catastrophe
44
Reflections on The Excursion of the Dead Girls
70
Politics Perseverance and the Rescue of One Thousand Refugees 1944
84
THEIR BROTHERS KEEPERS
113
William Allan Neilson and the Rescue of Refugees
117
The Refugees Who Came to Our Farm
203
ÉMIGRÉS AND THEIR IMPACTS
231
German Refugee Scholars in Turkey
235
Gropius in Exile
257
Reconsidering Hollywoods Exiles
281
Literary Exiles from Hitlers Germany and Their Translators
309
CODA
329
Journey and Visions of Exile
331

Italian Intellectuals in the United States
133
Chambon Chalmers and Cummington
157
Exiled Scholars and Writers in Western Massachusetts
183
Notes on Contributors
357
INDEX
361
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About the author (2005)

Peter I. Rose is Sophia Smith Professor Emeritus of Sociology and Anthropology and senior fellow of the Kahn Liberal Arts Institute at Smith College. He is the author of many books, including They and We (1963), Strangers in Their Midst (1977), Mainstream and Margins (1983), Tempest-Tost (1997), and Guest Appearances and Other Travels in Time and Space (2003).