The Mountains of the Mediterranean World

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Cambridge University Press, 2002 - History - 448 pages
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This book describes and analyses the environmental history of the mountain areas of the Mediterranean world, focusing on Turkey, Greece, Italy, Spain, and Morocco. The author examines the land and its people and concludes that great changes in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries created the often barren and depopulated countrysides of today. These changes, he suggests, lie behind much of the social and political turbulence of modern times as mountain people came to terms with worsening conditions. Written in a lively style, the book is the first environmental history of the Mediterranean area.
 

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Contents

THE ARGUMENT ECOLOGY ECONOMY SHELLS AND SKELETONS
1
Overshoot
2
Market Integration
8
MEDITERRANEAN MOUNTAIN ENVIRONMENTS
12
Five Mountain Ranges
19
A Few Villages
49
Conclusion
66
THE DEEP HISTORY OF MEDITERRANEAN LANDSCAPES
68
The Quality of the Data
149
The Taurus
152
The Pindus
162
The Lucanian Apennines
176
The Alpujarra
189
The Rif
202
Conclusion
218
POLITICAL ECONOMY AND MOUNTAIN LANDSCAPES
221

Prehistoric Landscapes
69
Ancient Landscape Change
72
After the Ancients AD 5001000
84
The Slow Renaissance of the Mountains 10001700
86
Five Mountain Landscapes 5001700
93
Conclusion
102
MATERIAL LIFE IN THE MOUNTAIN ENVIRONMENT 17001900
104
The Land and the Seasons
106
Vulnerabilities of Mountain Life
114
Auxiliary Activities
117
Basic Necessities
126
Seasons of Life
138
The Village and the Wider World
142
Conclusion
145
POPULATION SETTLEMENT AND LANDSCAPES
147
The Loss of Auxiliary Activities
223
Economic Change and Environmental Decay
236
Politics and War
260
Conclusion
270
THE CHANGING LANDSCAPE SINCE 1800
272
Evidence of Landscape Change
284
Deforestation
286
Erosion
311
Consequences of Landscape Change
325
Interventions
346
Conclusion
349
CONCLUSION
351
BIBLIOGRAPHY
359
INDEX
419
Copyright

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Page 375 - Saggi di statistica economica e demografica sull'Italia meridionale nei secoli XVII e XVIII, Roma 1962; L.

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About the author (2002)

J. R. McNeill is professor of history at Georgetown University. He is the author of "The Mountains of the Mediterranean World" & other works.

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