The Catholic Church And Nazi Germany

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Da Capo Press, Incorporated, Sep 9, 2009 - History - 448 pages
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”The subject matter of this book is controversial,” Guenter Lewy states plainly in his preface. To show the German Catholic Church’s congeniality with some of the goals of National Socialism and its gradual entrapment in Nazi policies and programs, Lewy describes the episcopate’s support of Hitler’s expansionist policies and its failures to speak out on the persecution of the Jews. To this tragic history Lewy brings new focus and research, illuminating one of the darkest corners of our century with scholarship and intellectual honesty in a riveting, and often painful, narrative.
 

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User Review  - WalsinghamNut - LibraryThing

This is an excellent book. While Lewy is Jewish, he does not take the approach that the Roman Catholic Church was knowingly complicit in the Holocaust, or that they actively encouraged Hitler in his ... Read full review

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Page 211 has an error. Hitler's speech on having no wishes to annex Austria was May 21, 1936, not 1935.

Contents

The Encounter With National Socialism Before 1933
3
1 The Position of German Catholicism in the Weimar Republic
4
2 The Warnings of the Bishops Against Nazism
8
3 The Strategy of Nationalism
15
4 The Policy of the Center Party
18
The First One Hundred and Twenty Days of Hitlers Rule
25
2 The Bishops Withdraw Their Ban
36
3 A Policy of Cooperation Takes Shape
41
5 The Annexation of Austria
211
6 The Destruction of Czechoslovakia
218
19391945 The Church Goes to War
224
1 The Voice of the Episcopate
226
2 The Army Bishop
236
Dilemmas of Neutrality
242
4 The Uneasy Truce
251
The Conflict Over Nazi Eugenie Policies
258

The Concordat Between Germany and the Holy See of July 20 1933
57
2 Negotiations AprilJuly 1933
63
3 Terms
79
4 Ratification
86
5 Significance
89
The Great Reconciliation
94
2 German Catholicism Enters the Third Reich
100
Modus Vivendi
113
Tribulations of the Catholic Organizations and Press
115
1 The Demise of the Catholic Organizations
116
2 The Gleichschaltung of the Catholic Press
133
The Ideological Contest
151
2 Tactics of Adaptation
160
3 In the Shadow of Murder
168
The Church and Hitlers Foreign Policy
176
2 The Soar Plebiscite
182
3 The Occupation of the Demilitarized Rhineland
201
4 The Struggle Against Bolshevism
205
2 Euthanasia
263
The Jewish Question
268
2 Rehearsal for Destruction
274
3 The Final Solution
284
4 The Role of the Papacy
295
The Problem of Resistance
309
1 The Bishops Condemn Revolt
310
2 The Force of Public Opinion
313
3 The Church and the German Resistance
316
Church and Totalitarianism
323
Catholic Political Ideology The Unity of Theory and Practice
325
1 The Church and Democracy
326
2 The Challenge of Tyranny
332
3 The Moral Dimension of Polities
336
The German Catholic Episcopate in September 1933
343
Notes
345
Index
405
Copyright

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About the author (2009)

Guenter Lewy left his native Germany in 1939 at the age of fifteen, emigrating to Palestine and then to the U.S. He has been on the faculties of Columbia University, Smith College, and the University of Massachusetts and is the author of Religion and Revolution, America in Vietnam, The Cause That Failed, and The Nazi Persecution of the Gypsies.

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