Pollution Prevention and Abatement Handbook, 1998: Toward Cleaner Production, Volume 777
World Bank Publications, 1999 - Nature - 457 pages
"Originally developed to help staff, clients, and consultants prepare and implement operations supported by the Bank Group, this Handbook updates and replaces the Environmental Guidelines issued in 1988 and reflects changes both in technology and in pollution management policies and practices. It focuses attention on the environmental and economic benefits of preventing pollution and emphasizes cleaner production and good management techniques."--BOOK JACKET.
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achieve acid air emissions air pollution air quality airshed ambient ammonia areas arsenic assessment cadmium carbon cess chemical chlorine cleaner production coal coke combustion compounds concentrations contain costs cubic meter dB(A decibels discharge disposal dust economic effects efﬂuent Effluents emis Emissions Guidelines emissions levels energy Environment environmental estimate exposure fuel furnace gases gasoline hazardous wastes heavy metals impacts implementation improve industrial lead levels given Liquid efﬂuents manufacturing measures ment mercury mg/l milligrams minimize models monitoring nitrogen oxides normal cubic meter normally operating organic oxygen Parameter Maximum value particulate matter pesticides plant pollution control Pollution Prevention Prevention and Abatement problems PRTR receptors recycling reduce sampling sector sions sludges solid wastes solvents sources standards sulfur dioxide Table targets technologies tion toxic United USEPA VOCs volatile organic compounds water quality Water Quality Models World Bank Group
Page 28 - Critical load' means a quantitative estimate of an exposure to one or more pollutants below which significant harmful effects on specified sensitive elements of the environment do not occur, according to present knowledge; 9.
Page 460 - Informal name used to designate a group of four affiliated international institutions: the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), the International Development Association (IDA), the International Finance Corporation (IFC), and the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA). The...
Page 454 - Skimming: Using a machine to remove oil or scum from the surface of the water.
Page 169 - Convention, stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system.
Page 446 - Disposal Final placement or destruction of toxic, radioactive, or other wastes; surplus or banned pesticides or other chemicals; polluted soils; and drums containing hazardous materials from removal actions or accidental releases. Disposal may be accomplished through use of approved secure landfills, surface impoundments, land farming, deep well injection, ocean dumping, or incineration.
Page 452 - Secretary shall declare to be a pest, and (2) any substance or mixture of substances intended for use as a plant regulator, defoliant or desiccant."25...
Page 451 - Permit An authorization, license, or equivalent control document issued by EPA or an approved state agency to implement the requirements of an environmental regulation; eg, a permit to operate a wastewater treatment plant or to operate a facility that may generate harmful emissions.
Page 447 - Eutrophication The slow aging process during which a lake, estuary, or bay evolves into a bog or marsh and eventually disappears. During the later stages of eutrophication the water body is choked by abundant plant life as the result of increased amounts of nutritive compounds such as nitrogen and phosphorus Human activities can accelerate the process.
Page 445 - The natural biological decomposition of organic material in the presence of air to form a humus-like material. Controlled methods of composting include mechanical mixing and aerating, ventilating the materials by dropping them through a vertical series of aerated chambers, or placing the compost in piles out in the open air and mixing it or turning it periodically.