Divine Foreknowledge and Human Freedom: The Coherence of Theism : Omniscience
The ancient problem of fatalism, more particularly theological fatalism, has resurfaced with surprising vigour in the second half of the twentieth century. Two questions predominate in the debate: (1) Is divine foreknowledge compatible with human freedom and (2) How can God foreknow future free acts? Having surveyed the historical background of this debate in "The Problem of Divine Foreknowledge" and "Future Contingents from Aristotle to Suarez" (Brill: 1988), William Lane Craig now attempts to address these issues critically. His wide-ranging discussion brings together a thought- provoking array of related topics such as logical fatalism, multivalent logic, backward causation, precognition, time travel, counterfactual logic, temporal necessity, Newcomb's Problem, middle knowledge, and relativity theory. The present work serves both as a useful survey of the extensive literature on theological fatalism and related fields and as a stimulating assessment of the possibility of divine foreknowledge of future free acts.
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REDUCTION OF THEOLOGICAL To LOGICAL FATALISM
SUGGESTED ESCAPES FROM FATALISM
WITHIN ONES POWER
PURPORTED INSTANCES OF RETROCAUSA
WITHIN ONES POWER ONCE MORE
FOREKNOWLEDGE AND FREEDOM OF GOD
Is THE SPECIAL THEORY OF RELATIVITY
A. N. Prior action actual world affairs agent Alvin Plantinga analysis antecedent Anthony Kenny argues asserts B-theory backward causation Cahn cause change the past choose claim consequence counterfactual conditionals counterfactual dependence counterfactuals of freedom creaturely freedom decision decree deny divine foreknowledge doctrine Dummett effect entails example Excluded Middle exist foreknows Freddoso future contingent propositions future events future-tense propositions God's belief God's foreknowledge God's knowledge happen Hence human freedom Ibid idem intuitions Jones Journal of Philosophy logical fatalism logically impossible means metaphysical middle knowledge modal Molina Newcomb's Paradox notion objection obtain occur omniscient one's power particle Philosophical Review Pike Pike's Plantinga possible worlds precognition prediction present Principle of Bivalence prior problem reason refrain regard retrocausation seems sense simply soft facts tachyons Taylor temporal necessity temporally necessary tense tenseless theism theological fatalism timeless tion tomorrow true or false true propositions truth value