Tamoanchan, Tlalocan: Places of Mist
Two mysterious misty places existed in the world vision of the Aztecs - Tamoanchan and Tlalocan. Though they are considered important cosmological places, references to them in Aztec mythology are obscure. Myths about Tamoanchan describe it as the place where all beings in the world originated. Tlalocan, it was said, was a terrestrial paradise located inside a perpetually green and beautiful mountain that was the destination of humans who died by drowning, lightning, or disease. Historians have attempted to understand and clarify the significance of these two places since the sixteenth century. Today, most students of Aztec religion try to locate them in the cosmic scheme in order to better understand Mesoamerican religious thought, but the written sources on these two places are difficult to understand. In Tamoanchan, Tlalocan, Alfredo Lopez Austin presents new interpretations of Aztec mythology based on written historical sources, iconographic sources, and the beliefs of modern Indians.
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ancestors ancient Nahua animals animistic animistic entities believed birth bones called cave celestial ceremony Chichimec Chicomecoatl Chicomoztoc child Cipactonal Codice Florentino 1979 coessence cold forces complex cosmic cosmic trees cosmos cosmovision created creation cycle dead death deities divine Duran ears of maize earth earthly Ehecatl essence feast Figure fire flowers four Furst Galinier Garibay glyph goddess Guiteras heart hills historical Huichol Huitzilopochtli human groups Ichon interpretation land live Lopez Austin 1993 Lord Lumholtz maize mara'akate means Mesoamerican religious Mexica Mictlan Moon mother mountain myth mythical Nahua Nahuatl Nakawe Olmec origin Otomi Oxomoco Pina Chan Plancarte plant priests pulque Quetzalcoatl Quilaztli rain rainy season religion replications ritual sacred Sahagun says seed serpent sexual Signorini and Lupo soul sources Stela symbol Tamoanchan Tamoanchan and Tlalocan temple Teotihuacan Tlaloc Tlalocan tlaloque tlatoani Tzotzil underworld Williams Garcia 1963 Xochicalco Xolotl Zingg