History of Federal Government: From the Foundation of the Achaian League to the Disruption of the United States, Volume 1

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Macmillan and Company, 1863 - Federal government - 721 pages
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Bad side of the system of city Commonwealths
Severity of the Laws of War 5860
Necessity of representative institutions in a Free State of large size 67
Election of the American President practically another exception
Second the Comjiusite State where the Central Power acts directly
Small States
rt Federation may consist of Monarchies
General view of Federalism as an intermediate system
___Circumstances under which a Federal Union is desirablo 108110
The Amphiktyonic Council not a true Federal Government
Amphiktyonic Crusades
These incongruities less palpable in a religious body
Political nullity of tho Council during the greater part
Various Notices B C 431167 147148
Monarchy of Jason B C 872
Effects on general Grecian History
Theban Archona mere Pageant real power vested in the Polemarchs
Thebes hitherto tho centre of Oligarchy becomes by her Revolution
Parallel between Thebes in Bceotia and Sparta in Lakonia 177179
Restoration of Thebes by Kassander b o 316
Thales probably intended a true Federal Union 187188
The terms offered acceptable to the Macedonian Towns but rejected
Arkadian Union hitherto merely Amphiktyonic
Decline of the Arkadian League history of Megalopolis 205207
Apportionment of votes to number 211212
Wide spread of Hellenic culture
Opposite aims of Macedonia and Achaia position of the Antigonid
Growth of Federal ideas in Greece in tho Fourth Century B C 237238
Achaia during the Poloponnesian War
Union of Aigion Boura and Keryneia B C 275
Probable formal enactment of the Federal Constitution u o c 274
No independent Diplomatic Action in the several Cities
The Assembly practically Aristocratic 266267
General merits of the Achaian Constitution

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Page 267 - On the same principle, the more multitudinous a representative assembly may be rendered, the more it will partake of the infirmities incident to collective meetings of the people. Ignorance will be the dupe of cunning, and passion the slave of sophistry and declamation. The people can never err more than in supposing that by multiplying their representatives beyond a certain limit, they strengthen the barrier against the government of a few. Experience will...
Page 73 - THE mode of appointment of the Chief Magistrate of the United States, is almost the only part of the system, of any consequence, which has escaped without severe censure, or which has received the slightest mark of approbation from its opponents.
Page 615 - Romana se aiebant suffragiumque daturos ; quinque lege cautum testabantur, ne quid quod adversus Philippi societatem esset aut referre magistratibus aut decernere concilio ius esset.
Page 4 - A Federal Union, in short, will form one State in relation to other powers, but many States as regards its internal administration. This complete division of sovereignty we may look upon as essential to the absolute perfection of the Federal Ideal.
Page 109 - It requires a sufficient degree i of community in origin or feeling or interest to allow the several members to work together up to a certain point. It requires that there should not be that perfect degree of community, or rather identity, which allows the several members to be fused together for all purposes.
Page 4 - This complete division of sovereignty we may look upon as essential to the absolute perfection of the Federal ideal. But that ideal is one so very refined and artificial, that it seems not to have been attained more than four or five times in the history of the world.
Page 67 - The private citizen will have no direct voice in government or legislation ; his functions will be confined to giving his vote in the election of those who have. This is the great distinction between free states of the modern type, whether kingly or republican, and the city-commonwealths of old Greece. It is the great political invention of Teutonic Europe, the one form of political life to which neither Thucydides, Aristotle, nor Polybios ever saw more than the faintest approach. In Greece it was...
Page ii - Could its interior structure and regular operation be ascertained, it is probable that more light would be thrown by it on the science of federal government, than by any of the like experiments with which we are acquainted.
Page 28 - ... is tolerably uniform even on its intellectual side, since it teaches men to think on similar lines and to apply similar methods of scientific inquiry. The process has been going on for some centuries. In our own day it advances so swiftly that we can almost foresee the time when it will be complete. It is one of the great events in the history of the world. Yet it is not altogether a new thing. A similar process went on in the ancient world from the time of Alexander the Macedonian tothat of...
Page 11 - It will act not only on the governments of the several states, but directly on every citizen of those states. It will be, in short, a government co-ordinate with the state governments ; sovereign in its own sphere, as they are sovereign in their sphere. It will be a government with the usual branches — legislative, executive, and judicial — with the direct power of taxation, and the other usual powers of a government ; with its army, its navy, its civil service. and all the usual apparatus of...

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