Bodies of Evidence: Ancient Anatomical Votives Past, Present and Future

Front Cover
Jane Draycott
Routledge, Jul 5, 2017 - History - 344 pages
Dedicating objects to the divine was a central component of both Greek and Roman religion. Some of the most conspicuous offerings were shaped like parts of the internal or external human body: so-called anatomical votives. These archaeological artefacts capture the modern imagination, recalling vividly the physical and fragile bodies of the past whilst posing interpretative challenges in the present. This volume scrutinises this distinctive dedicatory phenomenon, bringing together for the first time a range of methodologically diverse approaches which challenge traditional assumptions and simple categorisations. The chapters presented here ask new questions about what constitutes an anatomical votive, how they were used and manipulated in cultural, cultic and curative contexts and the complex role of anatomical votives in negotiations between humans and gods, the body and its disparate parts, divine and medical healing, ancient assemblages and modern collections and collectors. In seeking to re-contextualise and re-conceptualise anatomical votives this volume uniquely juxtaposes the medical with the religious, the social with the conceptual, the idea of the body in fragments with the body whole and the museum with the sanctuary, crossing the boundaries between studies of ancient religion, medicine, the body and the reception of antiquity.
 

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Contents

Debating the anatomical votive
1
anatomical votives and the confession stelai of Lydia and Phrygia
20
anatomical votives and personhood in the sanctuaries of central Italy
45
from Republican Italy to Roman Gaul
63
the use of real false and artificial hair as votive offerings
77
5 Demeter as an ophthalmologist? Eye votives and the cult of Demeter and Kore
95
6 Wombs for the gods
112
contextualising votive terracotta infants in Hellenistic Italy
131
8 The foot as gnṓrisma
147
anatomical votive busts between the history of medicine and archaeology
165
reassessing the body in parts
193
modern receptions of ancient sexual anatomy
214
an afterword
237
Bibliography
241
Index
269
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