How is Society Possible?: Intersubjectivity and the Fiduciary Attitude as Problems of the Social Group in Mead, Gurwitsch, and Schutz

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Springer Science & Business Media, Nov 30, 1990 - Philosophy - 208 pages
How is society possible? In Die Krisis der europiiischen Wissenschaflen und die transzendentale Phiinomenoiogie, I Edmund Husserl is found with a pathos send ing out pleas for belief ("Glauben") in his transcendental philosophy and tran scendental ego. The traditional idea of theoretical reflection instituted in ancient Greece as the suspension of all taken for granted worldly interests has, through a partial realization of itself, forsaken itself in the one-sided development of the objective mathematical-natural sciences as they themselves have become so taken for granted, with the method and validity of their results held as so self-evident, that they appear as resting self-sufficiently on their own grounds, while pursuing an increasingly abstract mathematization of nature. The sciences are left without a foundation and their meaning within the world consequently unintelligible, while their objective and valid abstract concepts continually tend to supercede the everyday life-world and render it questionable. In the end, these of belief in the everyday life-world or reflective evolving and exchanging attitudes doubt (science) ultimately leads to a disbelief in both, and a search in one direction for idol leaders and in the other for the cult of experience. This collapse of Western belief systems becomes particularly threatening as it turns into nihilism which is the development of beliefs in societal forms which employ 2 natural and social science for the liquidation of humanity and nature. Society starts becoming impossible.
 

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
1
INTERSUBJECTIVITY AS A PROBLEM OF THE
11
The Social Evolution of the Creative Intersubjective Group
20
Notes
26
INTERSUBJECTIVITY AS A PROBLEM OF CON
45
The Fun
53
The Correspondence between
60
The Limitations of Gurwitschs Theory of Intersubjectivity
67
The Person in the Social Group
110
CRITICAL REMARKS TO SCHUTZS THEORY
117
The Practical Attitude as the Foundation of Intersubjectivity
124
Conclusion
131
A GENERAL PROGRAM FOR ANY FUTURE
137
REFLECTIONS ON THE PROBLEM OF INTERSUB
161
The Everyday LifeWorld
169
The Institution
176

THE FUNDAMENTAL LEVELS TO THE PROBLEM
75
The Relative Natural
82
TOWARDS AN INTEGRATED THEORY OF INTER
93
The Theory of Signs and Symbols
102
The Symbolic Cosmos
183
Notes
190
Subject Index
199
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