Principles of the Relation Between Local Adverb, Verb and Sentence Particle in Hittite
This book deals with the function of the so-called local adverbs" in Hittite, and the relation between their use and the occurrence of so-called "sentence particles". The local adverbs have traditionally been explained as postpositions, preverbs or adverbs, depending on their position in the sentence. In this book, the function of the local adverbs is described in terms of their relation with the verb. Local adverbs belonging to the verb form a semantic particle. Independent local adverbs have no relation with the verb, but function as postpositions or independent adverbs. A new lexical description of all Hittite verbs, in the absence of native speakers, necessarily based on the study of all available "predicate frames", will be necessary to define the function of the Hittite local adverbs in each of their attestations. In this book, the evidence of four common Hittite "verbs of motion" has been analysed as a specimen study. In the last section the situation in a much better-known language, Homeric Greek, where the same problems confront the researcher, is adduced for comparison."
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1BoT 1ndirect Object Adjunct anda pai anda uua andan animate noun appa appan arahza arha pai arha uua asta attested basic predicate Carruba CHD L-N CHD P/l Ciantelli cited combination COMPLEMENT Agent Direction constituent construction dative dependent local adverbs derived predicate Direction inanimate dppa dppan EGlR-pa enclitic expression of Direction expression of Origin following example Friedrich front Gotze Guterbock Hattusa Hittite language Hittite texts Hoffner Homeric Greek Hout idalu inanimate noun independent indicate instance istarna arha katta katta pai kattan arha kattanda KBo 1V KBo XV11 king KUB X1V Kussara locative LUGAL Luraghi menahhanda Middle Hittite Old Hittite Origin inanimate Otten and Soucek paizzi partitive apposition pehute peran arha phrasal verbs postposition predicate frames preverb Puhvel HED sara sard sentence particle Starke Starke's StBoT StBoT 24 SUBJECT syntactic tapusa transl translation translit uija uizzi word order Zuntz