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apple apple-tree August to September bark Beachamwell bearer blossom border branches Calville calville-shaped canker Chron cider Codlin colour pale conical Crab crop cucumber cultivation December to January December to March degs disbudding disease dle-sized dung Early espalier feet Fenouillet first-rate flavour flesh melting flowers small flue fruit buds Gard gardener Golden Pippin grafting green ground heat Herefordshire insect January to April kitchen and table Knight larvae leading shoots Leadington leaves loam manure middle middle-sized Mignonne mode moisture Montreuil nectarines Newtown Pippin Nonpareil November to December November to February November to January November to March Nutmeg oblate oblong October to January orchard ovate peach pear-shaped Pearmain Pippin.—Yellow plants Pomme pots produce pruning Reinette Ribston Pippin ripening roots Rouge roundish Royal George Russet season second-rate seed Seedling shortened soil spurs stem Streak summer temperature tion trees varieties wall White winter wood yellow young
Page 69 - Pacific, at the close of the last, and at the commencement of the present century, as is known to-day.
Page 105 - ... weather, or any other casualty. As soon as the egg hatches, the little grub gnaws a hole in the crown of the apple, and soon buries itself in its substance; and it is worthy of remark that the rind of the apple, as if to afford every facility to the destroyer, is thinner here than in any other part, and consequently more easily pierced. The apple most commonly attacked is the codling, a large early sort, which ripens in July and August.
Page 105 - Towards evening, in fact just at sunset, it begins to move, and may then be seen hovering about the little apples, which, by the time the moth leaves the chrysalis, the middle of June, are well knit, and consequently fit for the reception of its eggs, which it lays in the eyes, one only in each, by introducing its long ovipositor between the leaves of the calyx, which form a tent above it that effectually shields it from the inclemency of the weather, or any other casualty. As soon as the egg hatches...
Page 96 - From this time it may be allowed to bear what crop of fruit the gardener thinks it able to carry ; in determining which he ought never to overrate the vigour of the tree. All of these shoots, except the leading ones, must at the proper season be shortened, but to what length, must be left entirely to the judgment of the gardener ; it, of course, depending upon the vigour of the tree. In shortening the shoot, care should be taken to cut back to a bud that will produce a shoot for the following year.
Page 137 - ... distance would do. Every tree will, therefore, support a larger weight of fruit, without danger of being broken, in proportion as the parts of such weight are made to approach nearer to its centre. " Each variety of the apple-tree has its own peculiar form of growth ; and this it will ultimately assume, in a considerable degree, in defiance of the art of the pruner.
Page 69 - Roy," a travelling canoe, designed by Mr. Mac Grcgor, "to sail, to paddle, and to bear portage and rough handling.'' The sketch, on a scale of a quarter of an inch to the foot, gives a section of one of these canoes. The original "Rob Roy...
Page 98 - Whatever system of training is pursued, the leading branches should be laid in in the exact position they are to remain ; for, wherever a large branch is brought down to fill the lower part of the wall, the free ascent of the sap is obstructed by the extension of the upper and contraction of the lower parts of the branch. It is thus robbed of part of its former vigour, whilst it seldom fails to throw out immediately behind the part most bent one or more vigorous shoots. To assist the young practitioner...
Page 7 - Third Year — Winter Pruning. Such of the buds as produced wood shoots the last year, and were shortened during summer as described, are now shortened more. It frequently happens that a fruitful bud, or in some instances two, will have been formed at the lower part of the shoot (fig. 2.
Page 98 - ... in the night; the air was kept damp by copious sprinkling with water, of nearly the temperature of the external air, and little ventilation was allowed. The plant, under these circumstances, grew with great health and luxuriance, and afforded a most abundant blossom ; but all its flowers were male. " This result," he says, " did not, in any degree, surprise me ; for I had many years previously succeeded, by long-continued very low temperature, in making Cucumber plants produce female flowers...