Astronomical Papyri from Oxyrhynchus: (P. Oxy. 4133-4300a), Volume 1
American Philosophical Society, 1999 - Science - 839 pages
Presents 200 hitherto unpub. astronomical texts & horoscopes written in Greek on papyrus, which were excavated a century ago in the rubbish heaps of Oxyrhynchus, a district capital of Roman Egypt. Through these documents we obtain the first coherent picture of the range of astronomical activity, chiefly in the service of astrology, during the Roman Empire. The astronomy of this period turns out to have been much more varied than we previously thought, with Babylonian arithmetical methods of prediction coexisting with tables based on geometrical models of orbits. Editions of the texts are accomp. by facing translations & explanatory & philological commentaries. The intro. provides the first comprehensive treatment of astronomical papyri, explaining their contents & purpose, the underlying astronomical theories, & strategies for analyzing & dating them. Tables & graphs.
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Alexandrian calendar Almagest anomalistic months Aquarius argument of latitude Aries ascendant astrological Augustus Babylonian back is blank broken Cancer Capricorn century by hand Choeac cm After a.d. codex column computed degrees Deluxe Horoscope eclipse Egyptian calendar entries Epagomenae Epeiph ephemeris epoch table equinoctial hours fibres Five-Day Almanac fractional places fragment Gemini Handy Tables Hathyr heavenly bodies Horoscope intervals Jupiter Kpovoc Libra longitude lost lunar margin Mars mean motion Mecheir Mercury Mesore month Monthly Almanac moon moon's Oxyrhynchus Pachon papyrus Payni Pham Phamenoth Phaophi Pharm Pharmuthi phases Pisces planetary planets positions preserved Procedure Text Ptolemy Ptolemy's Recomputation recto red ruling regnal Roman Sagittarius Saturn Scorpio seasonal hours sequence sexagesimal sidereal sides Sign-Entry Almanac Standard Scheme synodic arc synodic months System Taurus template Thoth Tybi Venus verso Virgo written zigzag function zodiacal signs
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