A Rudimentary Treatise on the History, Construction, and Illumination of Lighthouses
J. Weale, 1850 - Lighthouses - 204 pages
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adopted advantage already angle apparatus appearance applied arrangement axis beam belt burner called cause central centre common consideration construction course curvature curve described determined diameter difference dioptric direction distance divergence easily edge effect employed equal face fall feet figure finally fixed lights flame flashes focal focus frame Fresnel give given glass greater height horizon illumination inches incident inclination increase lamp length lens lenses less lighthouse Lightkeeper lower manner means measured mirror mode nature nearly necessary noticed object observer obtained obvious once paraboloïdal parallel passing pieces placed plane Plate portion position practical prevent principal produced proportion quantity radius rays reference reflected reflectors refraction result revolving rings Rock round seen shewn shews side sin² successive surface tion tower various vertical whole wick zone
Page 146 - length, but divided into three or four pieces ; the lower end of each of these pieces for about 1£ inch is opened out into a conical form, about 5£ inches in diameter at the lowest part. When the chimney is put together, the upper end of the bottom piece is inserted about
Page 180 - The Lightkeepers are to observe that the above general Regulations are without prejudice to any more special Instructions which may be made applicable to any particular Lighthouse, or to such orders as may from time to time be issued by the Engineer.
Page 34 - It consists of a central belt of refractors, forming a hollow cylinder 6 feet in diameter, and 30 inches high ; below it are six triangular rings of glass, ranged in a cylindrical form, and above a crown of thirteen rings of glass, forming by their union a hollow cage, composed of polished glass, 10 feet high and 6 feet in diameter ! I know
Page 9 - the sea prevented any one going down to the rock, anxiously looking for supplies from the shore, and earnestly longing for a change of weather favourable to the recommencement of the works. For miles around nothing could be seen but white foaming breakers, and nothing heard but howling winds and lashing waves.
Page 176 - When stores of any kind are to be landed for the use of the Lighthouse, the Lightkeepers shall attend and give their assistance. The Principal Lightkeeper must, upon these occasions, satisfy himself, as far as possible, of the quantity and condition of the Stores received, which must be duly entered in the Store-book and Monthly Return-book.
Page 131 - with the greatest of those inventors who extend the boundaries of human knowledge, will thus, at the same time, receive a place amongst those benefactors of the species who have consecrated their genius to the common good of mankind ; and, wherever maritime intercourse prevails, the solid advantages which his
Page 5 - successively. The machinery, which causes the revolution of the frame containing the lamps, is also applied to tolling two large bells, in order to give warning to the mariner of his approach to the rock in foggy weather. The erection of the Bell Rock Lighthouse cost £61,331, 9s. 2d.
Page 34 - was to that of the seven upper tiers of mirrors of the first order, as 140 to 87. Nothing can be more beautiful than an entire apparatus for a fixed light of the first order,
Page 171 - The Lightkeepers shall keep a regular and constant Watch in the Light-room throughout the night. The First Watch shall begin at sunset. The Lightkeepers are to take the Watches alternately, in such manner that he who has the first Watch one night shall have the second Watch next night. The length or duration of the
Page 113 - sufficient to discourage us from attempting to improve the visibility of fixed lights in the manner proposed by Captain Hall, even supposing the practical difficulties connected with the great centrifugal force generated by the rapid revolution of the lenses to be less than they really are.