Dividing Lines: Contours of India-China Conflict
India and China – the inheritors of two ancient civilizations and aeons of neighbourly bonds cemented by Buddhism and the bridge-building missions of Fa-Hien, Huen Tsang, Tagore and Kotnis – never witnessed strife between themselves till the fateful autumn of 1962, when they fought a short but bitter border war on the desolate heights of the Himalayas. Mutual suspicion and sporadic face-offs have ever since bedevilled relations between the two Asian giants, based on their still-unsettled borders. What caused the tragic estrangement of Asia’s leading lights? In this cogent and comprehensive analysis, the author traces the origins of the discord to a legacy flawed by the flip-flops of imperial Britain’s unilateral border delineation, and the ebbs and flows of Chinese activism in Tibet. The gripping narrative carries us from the post-1947 scenario of initial Panchsheel bonhomie, yielding place to mutual distrust, aggravated, among other causes, by Chinese paranoia over Tibet and the unrelenting pressure of Indian public opinion. India’s cataclysmic defeat in the war, which remains a young nation’s humiliation, is attributed to the ill-advised ‘forward policy’ and failure of the politico-military leadership of the time, revalidating Clemenceau’s adage, that ‘war is too important a matter to be left to generals’.
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IN BRITAI 3V5 FLAWED LEQ ZACY I3 KASHMIR 18411947
ﬂDEPE ﬂDE 3K IE TQ PA ﬂQlHSHEEL 19471954
It DEEPE 3H 3K1 DISTRLJST 19541953
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accepted action administration aggression agreement Aksai Chin Army Commander Army HQrs Assam B.M. Kaul Battalions Bomdi border issue boundary Brigade Britain British British Indian Army ceasefire Chinese forces Chinese Government Chinese troops Chou Chou’s Chushul claimed COAS conﬂict countries D.K. Palit Dalai Lama Dalvi decision Defence Minister Delhi Dhola Dirang directive Division Eastern Command established Forward Policy further Gilgit High Himalaya Himalayan Blunder Himalayan Frontiers ibid implementation India India’s China Indian Army Indian forces Indian Government Indian posts Indian troops Karakorum Kashmir Kaul Kaul’s Kuen Lun Ladakh Lhasa line of actual located Longju Lumpu maps Maxwell McMahon Line Menon military Ministry move Namka Chu NEFA negotiations Nehru Niranjan Prasad November October Officer Pakistan Parliament Pathania patrol Peking political position Prime Minister proposals Rezang La Sela senior September Simla Convention Sino—Indian Tawang territory Tezpur Thagla Ridge Thapar Tibet Tibetan took Tsangle Umrao Singh Walong western sector withdrawal