The Formation of Candomble: Vodun History and Ritual in Brazil
Interweaving three centuries of transatlantic religious and social history with historical and present-day ethnography, Luis Nicolau Pares traces the formation of Candomble, one of the most influential African-derived religious forms in the African diaspora, with practitioners today centered in Brazil but also living in Europe and elsewhere in the Americas. Originally published in Brazil and not available in English, The Formation of Candomble reveals cultural changes that have occurred in religious practices within Africa, as well as those caused by the displacement of enslaved Africans in the Americas.
Departing from the common assumption that Candomble originated in the Yoruba orixa (orisha) worship, Pares highlights the critical role of the vodun religious practices in its formation process. Vodun traditions were brought by enslaved Africans of Dahomean origin, known as the "Jeje" nation in Brazil since the early eighteenth century. The book concludes with Pares's account of present-day Jeje temples in Bahia, which serves as the first written record of the oral traditions and ritual of this particular nation of Candomble.
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Nations Ethnicities Ports and the Slave Trade
2 The Formation of a Jeje Ethnic Identity in Bahia in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries
The Formative Process of AfroBrazilian Religion
4 The Jeje Contribution to the Institutionalization of Candomblé in the Nineteenth Century
The Parallel History of Two Jeje Terreiros in the Second Half of the Nineteenth Century
6 Leadership and Internal Dynamic of the Bogum and Seja Hundé Terreiros in the Twentieth Century
7 The Jeje Pantheon and Its Transformations
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The Formation of Candomblé: Vodun History and Ritual in Brazil
Luis Nicolau Parés
Limited preview - 2013
Abalhe Abomey According Adja African Afro-Brazilian Aguesi Alabama Allada Angola Antônio APEBa Azonsu Bahia barracão Belchior Benin Bessen Bogum boitá Brazil brotherhood bythe Cachoeira calundu Candomblé Carneiro Carvalho ceremony Coast Conceição congregations Costa Creoles cultural Dahomean Dahomey dances deities denomination Dias do Nascimento documented drums eighteenth century Emiliana Engenho Velho Equede ethnic Everaldo Duarte February festival Fluxo Gaiaku Luiza Gbe-speaking area Gege Geninho groups Herskovits Hevioso Humbono Vicente Hundé identified important initiation Jeje Jeje terreiros Jeje-Mahi Kétou Ketu kingdom Legba Ludovina Pessoa Mãe mãe-de-santo Mahi Malê Maria Agorensi Mundubi Nagô Nagô-Ketu Nanã nation nineteenth century ofJeje ofthe Ogã Boboso Ogun Omolu origin orixá Ouidah Oxum Oxumaré pantheon percent Porto-Novo Portuguese practices Recôncavo refer Reis ritual Roça de Cima Rodrigues Runhó saint Sakpata Salvador Santo Senhor slave trade social Sogbo songs term terreiro theJeje thunder tion Tobosi Verger vodun vodun cults vodunsis Xangô Yoruba zandró