The Formation of Candomble: Vodun History and Ritual in Brazil

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UNC Press Books, 2013 - History - 398 pages
Interweaving three centuries of transatlantic religious and social history with historical and present-day ethnography, Luis Nicolau Pares traces the formation of Candomble, one of the most influential African-derived religious forms in the African diaspora, with practitioners today centered in Brazil but also living in Europe and elsewhere in the Americas. Originally published in Brazil and not available in English, The Formation of Candomble reveals cultural changes that have occurred in religious practices within Africa, as well as those caused by the displacement of enslaved Africans in the Americas.
Departing from the common assumption that Candomble originated in the Yoruba orixa (orisha) worship, Pares highlights the critical role of the vodun religious practices in its formation process. Vodun traditions were brought by enslaved Africans of Dahomean origin, known as the "Jeje" nation in Brazil since the early eighteenth century. The book concludes with Pares's account of present-day Jeje temples in Bahia, which serves as the first written record of the oral traditions and ritual of this particular nation of Candomble.

 

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Contents

Nations Ethnicities Ports and the Slave Trade
1
2 The Formation of a Jeje Ethnic Identity in Bahia in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries
35
The Formative Process of AfroBrazilian Religion
67
4 The Jeje Contribution to the Institutionalization of Candomblé in the Nineteenth Century
87
The Parallel History of Two Jeje Terreiros in the Second Half of the Nineteenth Century
124
6 Leadership and Internal Dynamic of the Bogum and Seja Hundé Terreiros in the Twentieth Century
159
7 The Jeje Pantheon and Its Transformations
208
Characteristics of the JejeMahi Liturgy in Bahia
244
Conclusion
291
Glossary
297
Notes
301
Bibliography
351
Index
369
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About the author (2013)

Luis Nicolau Pares is professor of anthropology at the Federal University of Bahia. Richard Vernon is senior lecturer in Portuguese and Spanish at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

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