Japanese Documentary Film: The Meiji Era Through Hiroshima
Among Asian countries--where until recently documentary filmmaking was largely the domain of central governments--Japan was exceptional for the vigor of its nonfiction film industry. And yet, for all its aesthetic, historical, and political interest, the Japanese documentary remains little known and largely unstudied outside of Japan. This is the first English-language study of the subject, an enlightening close look at the first fifty years of documentary film theory and practice in Japan. Beginning with films made by foreigners in the nineteenth century and concluding with the first two films made after Japan's surrender in 1945, Abe Mark Nornes moves from a "prehistory of the documentary, " through innovations of the proletarian film movement, to the hardening of style and conventions that started with the Manchurian Incident films and continued through the Pacific War. Nornes draws on a wide variety of archival sources--including Japanese studio records, secret police reports, government memos, letters, military tribunal testimonies, and more--to chart shifts in documentary style against developments in the history of modern Japan.
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Abé Mark Nornes American Araki Atomic Bomb bomb film Bomb on Hiroshima Bunka camera cameramen censors censorship China conventions discourse discussion Do¯mei docu documentary film editing emperor Epicenter example fiction film Fighting Soldiers film criticism Film Law film theory film world film’s filmmakers footage Fukushima Yukio Geijutsu hard style henshu hidden Hiroshima Hiroshima and Nagasaki images Imamura Taihei Imperial intertitle issue Iwasaki Akira Japan Japanese cinema Japanese documentary Japanese film Japanese Tragedy Junpo Kamei Fumio Kiroku Kobayashi Issa Kyoto maboroshi magazines March McGovern Miki military Mizoguchi Kenji Nagasaki Nakai Masakazu Nanking narration newsreel Nichiei Nihon Nippon nonfiction film Nyu¯su ofthe Pacific War period photographed political postwar produced Prokino proletarian film movement propaganda Puroretaria record representation Russo-Japanese War Sasa scene screen Shigeru Shinko shooting shot spectators studio Tadao tendency film tenko theater tion today’s Toho Tokyo Torahiko Tosaka Ueno violence war documentary wartime