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abundance according amalgamation America amounted annual produce arrobas avoird baritels Batopilas beds cachalot Catorce century Cerro Choco cinnabar coast cochineal commerce contains copper Cordilleras Cortez Cruz cultivation district of mines estimated Europe expence exportation feet francs Freiberg gold and silver Gualgayoc Guanaxuato Huancavelica Indians inhabitants intendancy iron kilogrammes leagues livres tournois manufacture marcs of gold marcs of silver mass mercury metres Mexican millions of livres millions of piastres minerals Mineria mines of Mexico Misantla mountains muriate of silver muriate of soda native silver nopals Oaxaca Pachuca Peru plata porphyry Potosi pounds precious metals province pyrites quantity of silver quintals Real del Monte rich rock San Luis Potosi Santa silver extracted smelting Sombrerete Spain Spanish Colonies species Sterling sugar table land Tasco Tenochtitlan thousand tion total produce town Trans troy Valenciana vanilla veins Vera Cruz veta wealth wrought yield Zacatecas
Page 456 - Such principles as prescribe the rooting up the vine and the olive, are not calculated to favour manufactures. A colony has for ages, been only considered as useful to the parent state, in so far as it supplied a great number of raw materials, and consumed a number of the commodities carried there by the ships of the mother country. It was easy for different commercial...
Page 117 - Señor, que tiene cuidado, y siempre lo ha tenido, de proveer en la mayor prisa, que topé entre los naturales de una provincia que se dice Tachco, ciertas piecezuelas de ello, a manera de moneda muy delgada, y procediendo por mi pesquisa, hallé que en la dicha provincia, y aun en otras, se trataba por moneda...
Page 154 - The muriate of silver, which is so seldom found in the veins of Europe, is very abundant in the mines of Catorce, Fresnillo, and the Cerro San Pedro, near the town of San Luis Potosi. That of Fresnillo is frequently of an olive green,, which passes into leek-green.
Page 50 - The exportation of these horses to Natchez and New Orleans, becomes every year of greater importance. Many Mexican families possess in their Hatos de ganado, from thirty to forty thousand head of horses and oxen. The mules would be still more numerous, if so many of them did not perish on the highways from the excessive fatigues of journeys of several months.
Page 111 - I was presented with gold plate and jewels of such precious workmanship, that unwilling to allow them to be melted, I set apart more than a hundred thousand ducats worth of them to be presented to your imperial highness. These objects were of the greatest beauty, and I doubt if any other prince of earth ever possessed any thing similar to them.
Page 93 - How could they be found in a country, where according to the ideas of the common people, all that is necessary to happiness, is bananas, salted flesh, a hammock, and a guitar? The hope of gain is too weak a stimulus, under a zone, where beneficent nature provides to man a thousand means of procuring an easy and peaceful existence without quitting his country, and without struggling with the monsters of the ocean. For a long time, the Spanish government has looked with an evil eye on the cachalot...
Page 478 - Indiat, fol. 112. [BOOK v. all casts, whites, mestizoes and Indians are employed. The academy of fine arts, and the schools for drawing in Mexico and Xalapa have very much contributed to diffuse a taste for beautiful antique forms. Services of plate to the value of a hundred and fifty, or two hundred thousand francs, have been lately manufactured at Mexico, which for elegance and fine workmanship may rival the finest work of the kind ever executed in the most civilized parts of Europe.
Page 344 - Immense wealth has been found even at the surface both in the mountain of Gualgayoc, which rises like a fortified castle in the midst of the plain, and at Fuentestiana, at Cormolache, and at la Pampa de Navar. In this last, plain for an extent of more than half a square league wherever the turf has been removed, sulphuretted silver has been extracted and filaments of native silver adhere to the roots of the gramina.
Page 246 - The labour of a miner is entirely free throughout the whole kingdom of New Spain; and no Indian or Mestizo can be forced to dedicate themselves to the working of mines. It is absolutely false, though the assertion has been repeated in works of the greatest estimation, that the court of Madrid sends out galley slaves to America, to work in the gold and silver mines.
Page 138 - The vein of Guanaxuato alone, yields more than a fourth part of the whole silver of Mexico and a sixth part of the produce of all America. In the general view already presented by us, the principal mines are confounded with those from which a very small quantity of metal is extracted. The disproportion between the two classes is so great that more than...