Working-Class Mobilization and Political Control: Venezuela and Mexico

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University Press of Kentucky, Jan 13, 2015 - Political Science - 224 pages
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Historically, Latin American political regimes have sought to postpone far-reaching economic reforms and improvements in living standards in order to facilitate the accumulation of private capital. These goals have led to exclusion of the lower classes from the political process altogether or to efforts to control their political mobilization. The ability of governments to maintain such control has often been attributed to the lack of political sophistication by the working class or to the distribution of benefits through patron-client networks designed to preserve the hegemony of ruling parties.

Using new survey data from 500 industrial workers in Mexico and Venezuela, Charles L. Davis now questions these conventional explanations and two others: that industrial workers are part of a "labor aristocracy" and are therefore content with the performance of the capitalist regimes, and that political control is exercised through restriction of partisan competition and thus of opportunities for workers to challenge developmental priorities and public policy goals.

Davis's study demonstrates that working-class mobilization is more firmly controlled in Mexico's one-party dominant political system than in Venezuela's two-party system. He finds little evidence that political participation in either country is guided by labor unions with ties to dominant parties. Nor are these workers content with the performance of the regimes or lacking in political sophistication. The primary explanation for their psychological disengagement from politics and avoidance of protest voting appears to be the lack of meaningful electoral options.

Davis's two case studies provide important new insights into an issue that appears certain to remain ex-plosive as dissident labor leaders in Latin America seek to mobilize working-class opposition to existing state developmental strategies.

 

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Contents

1 State Capitalism and Mass Mobilization
1
2 Demographic Characteristics of Unions
22
3 Social Transformation and Political Incorporation
41
4 Mechanisms of Political Control
62
5 Patterns of Political Mobilization
82
6 Political Control and Participatory Motivations
99
7 Political Control and Electoral Mobilization
118
8 Political Control and Electoral Choice
129
9 Beyond Controlled Mobilization
156
Appendix A Data Base for Study of Venezuelan and Mexican Workers
165
Appendix B Measurement and Scaling of Independent and Control Variables
167
A Varimax Factor Analysis
173
Notes
175
Index
201
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About the author (2015)

Charles L. Davis is associate professor of political science at the University of Kentucky Center at Fort Knox and author of numerous articles on Latin American politics and labor.

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