Denying Human Rights and Ethnic Identity: The Greeks of Turkey
Human Rights Watch, 1992 - Civil rights - 54 pages
The Greek community in Turkey is dwindling, elderly and frightened. Its population has declined from about 110,000 at the time of the signing of the Lausanne Treaty in 1923 to about 2,500 today. Its fearfulness stems from an appalling history of programs and expulsions suffered at the hands of the Turkish government. A Helsinki Watch mission visited Turkey in October 1991 and found that the government of Turkey continues to violate the human rights of the Greek minority today. These acts include harassment by police; restrictions on free expression; discrimination in education involving teachers, books and curriculum; restrictions on religious freedom; limitations on the right to control charitable institutions; and the denial of ethnic identity. All of these abuses violate international human rights laws and standards that have been signed or endorsed by the government of Turkey, including the European Convention on Human Rights and the Paris charter.
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Athens Bahcheli charitable institutions churches community in Turkey Conference on Security Convention for Human conversation with Counselor Cooperation in Europe Counselor Ergun CSCE Meeting degrading treatment ethnic identity European Convention Experts on National fundamental freedoms Greece and Turkey Greek community Greek government Greek hospital Greek language Greek Orthodox Greek population Greek schools Greek-Turkish Greeks in Turkey Greeks lived guarantees the Greek Halki School harassment Helsinki Final Act Helsinki Watch concludes Imbros and Tenedos international human rights islands of Imbros Istanbul Lausanne Treaty League of Nations left Turkey manage and control Meeting of Experts minority the right Moslem national minorities non-Moslem minorities Panimbrian Committee Paris Charter Patriarch Bartholomeos permitted police protection religion remaining Greek right to control right to establish rights and fundamental rioting Saint Security and Cooperation told Helsinki Watch Treaty of Lausanne Turkish authorities Turkish Constitution Turkish government Turkish law Turks village violation Western Thrace
Page 52 - In towns and districts where there is a considerable proportion of Polish nationals belonging to racial, religious or linguistic minorities, these minorities shall be assured an equitable share in the enjoyment and application of the sums which may be provided out of public funds under the State, municipal or other budget, for educational, religious or charitable purposes.
Page 52 - In particular they shall have an equal right to establish, manage and control at their own expense charitable, religious and social institutions, schools and other educational establishments, with the right to use their own language and to exercise their religion freely therein.
Page 37 - ... lead to the maintenance of separate rights for different racial groups and that they shall not be continued after the objectives for which they were taken have been achieved.
Page 36 - We further acknowledge that the rights of persons belonging to national minorities must be fully respected as part of universal human rights. Being aware of the urgent need for increased co-operation on, as well as better protection of, national minorities, we decide to convene a meeting of experts on national minorities to be held in Geneva from 1 to 19 July 1991. We express our determination to combat all forms of racial and ethnic hatred, antisemitism, xenophobia and discrimination against anyone...
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Page 35 - The participating States note the efforts undertaken to protect and create conditions for the promotion of the ethnic, cultural, linguistic and religious identity of certain national minorities by establishing, as one of the possible means to achieve these aims, appropriate local or autonomous administrations corresponding to the specific historical and territorial circumstances of such minorities and in accordance with the policies of the State concerned.
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