Denying Human Rights and Ethnic Identity: The Greeks of Turkey
Human Rights Watch, 1992 - Civil rights - 54 pages
The Greek community in Turkey is dwindling, elderly and frightened. Its population has declined from about 110,000 at the time of the signing of the Lausanne Treaty in 1923 to about 2,500 today. Its fearfulness stems from an appalling history of programs and expulsions suffered at the hands of the Turkish government. A Helsinki Watch mission visited Turkey in October 1991 and found that the government of Turkey continues to violate the human rights of the Greek minority today. These acts include harassment by police; restrictions on free expression; discrimination in education involving teachers, books and curriculum; restrictions on religious freedom; limitations on the right to control charitable institutions; and the denial of ethnic identity. All of these abuses violate international human rights laws and standards that have been signed or endorsed by the government of Turkey, including the European Convention on Human Rights and the Paris charter.
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Athens Bahcheli charitable institutions churches civil and political community in Turkey Conference on Security Convention for Human conversation with Counselor Cooperation in Europe Counselor Ergun CSCE Meeting degrading treatment ethnic identity European Convention Experts on National fundamental freedoms Greece and Turkey Greek government Greek hospital Greek language Greek Orthodox Greek-Turkish Greeks in Turkey Greeks lived Greeks report guarantees the Greek Halki School harassment Helsinki Final Act Helsinki Watch concludes Imbros and Tenedos international human rights islands of Imbros Istanbul Lausanne Treaty League of Nations left Turkey manage and control Meeting of Experts minority the right Moslem national minorities non-Moslem minorities Panimbrian Committee Paris Charter Patriarch Bartholomeos permitted police protection religion right to control right to establish rights and fundamental rioting Saint Security and Cooperation told Helsinki Watch Treaty of Lausanne Turkish authorities Turkish Constitution Turkish government Turkish law Turks village violation Western Thrace
Page 52 - In towns and districts where there is a considerable proportion of Polish nationals belonging to racial, religious or linguistic minorities, these minorities shall be assured an equitable share in the enjoyment and application of the sums which may be provided out of public funds under the State, municipal or other budget, for educational, religious or charitable purposes.
Page 52 - In particular they shall have an equal right to establish, manage and control at their own expense charitable, religious and social institutions, schools and other educational establishments, with the right to use their own language and to exercise their religion freely therein.
Page 37 - ... lead to the maintenance of separate rights for different racial groups and that they shall not be continued after the objectives for which they were taken have been achieved.
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