New Guinea: Crossing Boundaries and History
New Guinea, the world's largest tropical island, is a land of great contrasts, ranging from small glaciers on its highest peaks to broad mangrove swamps in its lowlands and hundreds of smaller islands and coral atolls along its coasts. Divided between two nations, the island and its neighboring archipelagos form Indonesia's Papua Province (or Irian Jaya) and the independent nation of Papua New Guinea, both former European colonies. Most books on New Guinea have been guided by these and other divisions, separating east from west, prehistoric from historic, precontact from postcontact, colonial from postcolonial. This is the first work to consider New Guinea and its 40,000-year history in its entirety. The volume opens with a look at the Melanesian region, arguing that interlocking exchange systems and associated human interchanges are the invisible government through which New Guinea societies operate. Succeeding chapters review the history of encounters between outsiders and New Guinea's populations. The impact of colonial rule, economic and social change, World War II, decolonization, and independence are discussed in the final chapter.
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areas Aru Islands Asian Australia Australian National University Austronesian Austronesian languages Banda became beche-de-mer began Bird's Head Bismarck Archipelago Bougainville Britain Buka canoes Cape Cenderawasih Gulf central Chapter Chinese coastal colonial crew cultural spheres decades Dorei Bay Dutch early east eastern New Guinea established European exchange expedition exploration foreign Gash German New Guinea Guinea coast Halmahera Highlands Hookey human indigenous Indonesia Ireland Irian Jaya Island Melanesia kilometers labor trade Lacey land languages Lapita later linked Louisiade Maluku Melanesia migrations mission missionaries neighboring nineteenth century north coast northern Onin Overweel Pacific Islands Papua New Guinea pearlshell Peninsula population Port Moresby Portuguese Queensland reefs region River routes Sahul sailed Sepik Seram settlement ships slaves Solomon Islands South Wales southeast New Guinea southern spice Spriggs suggests Sultan Sydney Ternate territory Tidore Torres Strait Trade Systems village visited voyages west New Guinea western whalers Whittaker