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abnormal abstinence activity alco alcoholic drinks alcoholic intoxication animals bacchanalia become belief body cation cause civilisation classes Committee of Fifty conclusions condition craving for alcohol cure dance depression desire Dionysus dipsomania disease dithyramb doses of alcohol drank drinker drugs drunk drunkard drunkenness effect of alcohol emotional enthusiasms erethic evils evolution excess excitement experiments expression facts Featherman feeling functions growth habit ical ideals increase individual Indra influence instinct intemperance interests intoxicants intoxication impulse intoxication motives least less ment mental mind moral movement narcotic motive nations nature nervous system never normal organisation pain period physical physiological pleasure practical primitive problem produce protoplasm psychological race REACTION recreational religious result saloon savage says seems senescence shaman small doses social society specialisation of labour specific craving sprees stage stimulants and narcotics taste temperance theory thought tical tion tissues tobacco toxication traits
Page 48 - Man was conscious of himself only as a member of a race, people, party, family, or corporation - only through some general category.
Page 18 - We see that the inferior animals, when the conditions of life are favourable, are subject to periodical fits of gladness, affecting them powerfully and standing out in vivid contrast to their ordinary temper. And we know what this feeling is — this periodic intense elation which even civilized man occasionally experiences when in perfect health, more especially when young.
Page 177 - That every species must necessarily undergo retrogression unless that retrogression be checked by selection. (2) That in such a high multicellular organism as man acquired variations cannot be transmitted. (3) That in such an organism, living amidst immensely complex and heterogeneous surroundings, the action of natural selection has been mainly to develop so extraordinary a power of varying in response to appropriate stimulation, direct or indirect, from the environment, such a remarkable power...
Page 49 - If we now attempt to sum up the principal features in the Italian character of that time, as we know it from a study of the life of the upper classes, we shall obtain something like the following result. The fundamental vice of this character was at the same time a condition of its greatness, namely, excessive individualism.
Page 17 - After remaining for a time inactive, one of the cocks lowers his head, spreads out his wings nearly horizontally, and his tail perpendicularly, distends his air sacs and erects his feathers, then rushes across the floor...
Page 18 - Soon after one commences all the cocks join in rattling, stamping, drumming, crowing, and dancing together furiously ; louder and louder the noise, faster and faster the dance becomes, until at last they madly whirl about, leaping over each other in excitement.
Page 152 - In such a surrender lies the secret of a holy life. From that hour drink has had no terrors for me ; I never touch it, never want it. The same thing occurred with my pipe: after being a regular smoker from my twelfth year the desire for it went at once, and has never returned. So with every known sin, the deliverance in each case being permanent and complete. I have had no temptations since conversion.
Page 175 - ... whole, use as great a quantity of stimulants and narcotics as the nations who are at the head of civilization. The purely barbarous races and tribes use at most but one or two varieties, and, as a rule, to but little excess. Africa seems to have used less than any other continent. " In civilization the expenditure of force is vastly greater than in barbarism, because the brain, especially, is more active. To compensate for this expenditure, to retard the waste of tissue, or at least to sustain...
Page 25 - ... mental, religious, social life of the people. Endless myths, rites, ceremonies, and superstitions have crystallized about the use of intoxicants. Excitement has been considered often as essential to religious feeling, and many methods have been employed to induce this excitement, intoxication being one. "It is a long way from the ancient soma worship, in which all the devotees of Indra became intoxicated to please the god, to our own solemn sacrament of the communion, yet none of the transitional...
Page 176 - ... licentious, less artful than the French, Italian and Spanish, they are more addicted to coarse and brutal crimes. Coarse crimes and drunkenness are twigs growing on the same stem. " Drunkenness and the amount of liquor consumed in a given country are independent variables. England uses more alcohol, in various forms, than America, but it has less drunkenness. In France the consumption of liquor is very great, but the French are by no means a grossly intemperate people. The explanation of this...