The Political Economy of Pension Policy Reversal in Post-Communist Countries

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Cambridge University Press, Oct 26, 2017 - Business & Economics - 254 pages
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Why do governments backtrack on major policy reforms? Reversals of pension privatization provide insight into why governments abandon potentially path-departing policy changes. Academics and policymakers will find this work relevant in understanding market-oriented reform, authoritarian and post-communist politics, and the politics of aging populations. The clear presentation and multi-method approach make the findings broadly accessible in understanding social security reform, an issue of increasing importance around the world. Survival analysis using global data is complemented by detailed case studies of reversal in Russia, Hungary, and Poland including original survey data. The findings support an innovative argument countering the conventional wisdom that more extensive reforms are more likely to survive. Indeed, governments pursuing moderate reform - neither the least nor most extensive reformers - were the most likely to retract. This lends insight into the stickiness of many social and economic reforms, calling for more attention to which reforms are reversible and which, as a result, may ultimately be detrimental.
 

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Contents

Backtracking on Pension Privatization Around
20
A Theory of Policy Reversal
47
reversal
75
Overview of Case Studies
101
1
124
Russian Domestic Stakeholders and Backtracking
142
Hungary
166
The Importance of Understanding Pension Policy Reversal
221
References
235
Index
249
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About the author (2017)

Sarah Wilson Sokhey is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of Colorado Boulder, a Faculty Associate at the Institute of Behavioral Science, and an Associate Fellow at the International Center for the Study of Institutions and Development at the Higher School of Economics in Moscow. Her work on comparative political economy and post-communist politics has appeared in Party Politics, Europe-Asia Studies, Business and Politics, and Economics and Politics. Her research has been funded by the International Research and Exchanges Board (IREX) and the Social Science Research Council (SSRC).

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