Rethinking the Native Hawaiian Past
This innovative study challenges scholars to rethink standard approaches to the study of Hawai'ian history by proposing a Native-centered historiography based on concepts derived from the Hawai'ian language and oral traditions. Historical approaches to traditional Hawai'i have tended to focus on the Ali'i Nui (high chiefs) as leaders of a stratified society, and on the decisions they made in the context of the arrival of the haole (foreigners). This study traces the history of the Kaukau Ali'i, the chiefly servers, who were the lesser-ranked relatives of the high chiefs. The Kaukau Ali'i performed a variety of tasks-ranging from childcare to redistributive service to the provision of battlefield support-within this service relationship which structured the flow of daily life. Kanalu Young, himself a descendent of the Kaukau Ali'i, argues that the Native Hawai'ian past can be better understood by approaches which are grounded in concepts derived from Native Hawai'ian language and oral tradition. By shiftingthe focus of historical study from the high chiefs to the chiefly servers, new light is shed on the history of the traditional Hawai'ian polity. Bibliography. Index
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aikane Aikapu aina ainana Ainoa Akua Ali'i Nui aloha ancestral century chant Charles Kana'ina chiefess chiefly hierarchy chiefly servers Christian context Dallas defined descendants Ellis father genealogies Hakau haku haku mo'olelo hanai haole Hawai'i Island Hawai'i Press Hawaiian language heiau high chiefs ho'opili homeland Honolulu hula Ibid ike kupuna indigenous James Ma'ihu'i Kalepa Ka'ahumanu Kaeakamahu kahu Kalama Kalamakumu Kalani'opu'u Kamakau Kame'eleihiwa Kamehameha family Kamehameha III Kana'ina nui kaona Kapohu kapu kaukau ali'i Keakealani kane Keawe'opala Keawehano Keawenuia'umi Kekauluohi Kekuanao'a koko piha Kona konohiki Lahaina land Liholiho Lili'uokalani lineage lived Lono Lunalilo Makoa mana Maui meaning Mo'i mo'oku'auhau mo'olelo Moana kane Moana wahine moena moena lauhala Nako'olaniohakau Native Hawaiian Native Hawaiian past noho noho partners nui's numbers O'ahu ohana Oiwi Maoli Oiwi Wale olelo Paka'a Palila Papa performed hana lawelawe pono pu'olo Puku'i relationship role served siblings spiritual traditional Umi's University of Hawai'i Wakea word