Out of the Shadows: A Biographical History of African American Athletes

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David K. Wiggins
University of Arkansas Press, 2006 - Social Science - 459 pages
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The original essays in this collection examine the lives and sports of famous and not-so- famous African American men and women athletes from the nineteenth century to today. Here are twenty biographies that furnish perspectives on the changing status of these athletes and how the changes mirrored the transformation of sport, American society, and civil rights legislation. Out of the Shadows shows us athletes struggling to make it in a Jim Crow society--Jimmy Winkfield in horse racing, Marshall Taylor in bicycling, William Henry Lewis in football, and Jack Johnson--and those achieving success on an international stage while suffering segregation at home--Ora Washington (tennis), Satchel Paige, Jesse Owens, Joe Louis, Alice Coachman (track and field), and Jackie Robinson. In the twentieth century athletes saw opportunities to fight for civil rights through their performances as was the case with Althea Gibson (tennis), Wilma Rudolph, Bill Russell, Jim Brown, Muhammad Ali, and Arthur Ashe. Today's successful African American athletes, such as Michael Jordan, Tiger Woods, and Venus and Serena Williams, deal with issues of race and celebrity culture. --From publisher's description.
 

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Contents

Striving for Athletic Success in a Jim Crow Society
1
Jimmy Winkfield The Black Maestro of the Racetrack
7
Marshall Major Taylor The Fastest Bicycle Rider in the World
21
The Strange Career of William Henry Lewis
39
Jack Johnson an the Quest for Racial Respect
59
Fashioning a World of Sport behind Segregated Walls and on the International Stage
73
Ora Washington The First Black Female Athletic Star
79
Satchel Paiges Struggle for Selfhood in the Era of Jim Crow
93
Wilma Rudolph The Making of an Olympic Icon
207
Bill Russell Pioneer and Champion of the Sixties
223
Jim Brown Superlative Athlete Screen Star Social Activist
241
Muhammad Ali Flawed Rebel with a Cause
263
The Quiet Militant Arthur Ashe and Black Athletic Activism
279
Race Sport and Celebrity Culture
297
Bound by Blackness or Above It? Michael Jordan and the Paradoxes of PostCivil Rights American Race Relations
301
Race Family and Nation The Significance of Tiger Woods in American Culture
325

Jesse Owens Leading Man in Modern American Tales of Racial Progress and Limits
111
Joe Louis Boxing and American Culture
133
Alice Coachman Quiet Champion of the 1940s
147
Jackie Robinson Racial Pioneer and Athlete Extraordinaire in an Era of Change
163
The Fight for Civil Rights through Athletic Performance Persuasion and Protest
181
Jackie Robinson without the Charm The Challenges of Being Althea Gibson
187
Ghetto Cinderellas Venus and Serena Williams and the Discourse of Racism
353
Notes
373
Bibliographical Note
429
Contributors
439
Index
445
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About the author (2006)

David K. Wiggins, a leading authority on African American sports, is a professor and director of the School of Recreation, Health, and Tourism at George Mason University. He is the editor of a number of books in the field, including The Unlevel Playing Field and Sport and the Color Line, both edited with Patrick Miller, and is the author of Glory Bound: Black Athletes in a White World.

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