The History of the Incas

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University of Texas Press, Mar 16, 2009 - History
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The History of the Incas may be the best description of Inca life and mythology to survive Spanish colonization of Peru. Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa, a well-educated sea captain and cosmographer of the viceroyalty, wrote the document in Cuzco, the capital of the Inca Empire, just forty years after the arrival of the first Spaniards. The royal sponsorship of the work guaranteed Sarmiento direct access to the highest Spanish officials in Cuzco. It allowed him to summon influential Incas, especially those who had witnessed the fall of the Empire. Sarmiento also traveled widely and interviewed numerous local lords (curacas), as well as surviving members of the royal Inca families. Once completed, in an unprecedented effort to establish the authenticity of the work, Sarmiento's manuscript was read, chapter by chapter, to forty-two indigenous authorities for commentary and correction.

The scholars behind this new edition (the first to be published in English since 1907) went to similarly great lengths in pursuit of accuracy. Translators Brian Bauer and Vania Smith used an early transcript and, in some instances, the original document to create the text. Bauer and Jean-Jacques Decoster's introduction lays bare the biases Sarmiento incorporated into his writing. It also theorizes what sources, in addition to his extensive interviews, Sarmiento relied upon to produce his history. Finally, more than sixty new illustrations enliven this historically invaluable document of life in the ancient Andes.

 

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Contents

Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa and the History of the Incas Brian S Bauer and JeanJacques Decoster
1
Second Part of the General History Called Indica Brian S Bauer and Vania Smith
35
Cover letter to King Philip II of Spain
37
1 Division of the history
44
6 The origin fable of these barbarous Indians of Peru according to their blind opinions
45
7 The fable about the second age and the creation of these barbarous Indians according to their account
49
8 Ancient tribes of the provinces of Peru and its regions
55
9 First settlers of the Cuzco Valley
56
42 Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui appoints his son Topa Inca Yupanqui as his successor
141
43 Pachacuti arms his son Topa Inca as a knight
144
44 Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui sends his son Topa Inca Yupanqui to conquer Chinchaysuyu
146
45 Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui inspects the provinces conquered by him and his captains
148
46 Topa Inca Yupanqui sets out a second time by order of his father to conquer what remained of Chinchaysuyu
149
47 The death of Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui
153
48 The life of Topa Inca Yupanqui the tenth Inca
157
49 Topa Inca Yupanqui conquers the province of the Andes
158

10 How the Incas began to tyrannize the lands of the tribes
59
11 The origin fable of the Incas of Cuzco
60
12 The route that these companies of the Incas took to the Cuzco Valley and the fables that they mix with the history
63
13 The entry of the Incas into the Cuzco Valley and the fables that they tell about it there
68
14 The disagreements between Manco Capac and the Alcabizas over the fields
73
15 The life of Cinchi Roca the second Inca begins
78
16 The life of Lloqui Yupanqui the third Inca
80
17 The life of Mayta Capac the fourth Inca
81
18 The life of Capac Yupanqui the fifth Inca
84
19 The life of Inca Roca the sixth Inca
87
20 The life of Tito Cusi Hualpa whom they commonly call Yahuar Huacac
89
21 What happened after the Ayarmacas kidnapped Tito Cusi Hualpa
91
22 How it became known that Yahuar Huacac was alive
93
23 Yahuar Huacac Inca Yupanqui the seventh Inca begins the Incaship only after the death of his father
96
24 The life of Viracocha the eighth Inca
98
25 The provinces and towns that Viracocha Inca the eighth Inca conquered and tyrannized
101
26 The life of Inca Yupanqui or Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui the ninth Inca
104
27 The Chancas attack Cuzco
107
28 The second victory that Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui had over the Chancas
111
29 Inca Yupanqui Inca raises himself as Inca and takes the tassel without the consent of his father
114
30 Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui rebuilds the city of Cuzco
115
31 Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui rebuilds the House of the Sun and establishes new idols in it
117
32 Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui depopulates the area two leagues around Cuzco
119
33 Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui kills his older brother named Inca Urcon
121
34 The nations that Pachacuti Inca destroyed and the towns he attacked first Tocay Capac the cinchi of the Ayarmacas and then the destruction of the...
123
35 The other nations that Inca Yupanqui conquered by himself and with Inca Roca
125
36 Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui endows the House of the Sun with great wealth
128
37 Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui conquers the province of Collasuyu
129
38 Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui sends Capac Yupanqui to conquer the provinces of Chinchaysuyu
131
39 Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui establishes mitimaes in all the lands he had conquered
135
40 The Collas sons of Chuchic Capac rise up against Inca Yupanqui seeking their freedom
138
41 Amaru Topa Inca and Apu Paucar Usno continue the conquest of the Collao and defeat the Collas once again
140
50 Topa Inca Yupanqui goes to conquer and put down the risen Collas
160
51 Topa Inca makes the yanayacos
163
52 Topa Inca Yupanqui orders a second inspection of the land and does other things
165
53 Topa Inca builds the fortress of Cuzco
167
54 The death of Topa Inca Yupanqui
169
55 The life of Huayna Capac the eleventh Inca
171
56 They give the tassel of Inca to Huayna Capac the eleventh Inca
172
57 The first things that Huayna Capac did after being invested as Inca
173
58 Huayna Capac conquers the Chachapoyas
174
59 Huayna Capac inspects all the land from Quito to Chili
175
60 Huayna Capac wages war on the Quitos Pastos Carangues Cayambes and Guancabilicas
177
61 The Chiriguanas leave to wage war in Peru against those conquered by the Incas
183
62 What Huayna Capac did after those wars
184
63 The life of Huascar Inca the last Inca and that of Atahualpa
186
64 Huascar Inca leaves in person to fight against Chalco Chima and Quizquiz Atahualpas captains
191
65 The battle between the forces of Atahualpa and Huascar and the imprisonment of Huascar
194
66 What Chalco Chima and Quizquiz said to Huascar Inca and the others of his group
197
67 The cruelties that Atahualpa ordered be committed against the defeated and captured men of Huascar
198
68 News of the Spaniards reached Atahualpa
200
69 The Spaniards reach Cajamarca and capture Atahualpa who orders that Huascar be killed and he also dies
201
70 Noting how these Incas were oathbreakers and tyrants against their own in addition to being against the natives of the land
203
71 Summary account of the time that the Incas of Peru lasted Statement of the proofs and verification of this history
206
Sample Translation
213
Editions of Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboas The History of the Incas
215
The Rule of the Incas Following Dates Provided by Sarmiento de Gamboa
216
The Incas of Cuzco Following Information Provided by Sarmiento de Gamboa
217
Notes
219
Glossary
243
Bibliography
247
Index
255
Copyright

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About the author (2009)

BRIAN S. BAUER is Professor of Anthropology at University of Illinois-Chicago.

VANIA SMITH is Assistant Professor of Anthropology at the University of Notre Dame.

JEAN-JACQUES DECOSTER is Professor of History at Universidad Nacional San Antonio Abad del Cusco in Peru.

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