The Medieval Expansion of Europe
Between the year 1000 and the mid-14th century, several remarkable events unfolded as Europeans made contact with a very substantial part of the inhabited world, much of it never previously known or suspected to exist by them. Leif Ericsson and other Vikings discovered North America; European crusading armies established themselves in Syria and Palestine; Marco Polo and other Italian merchants, and missionaries such as John of Monte Corvino, penetrated the dominions of Mongolia and China; the Vivaldi brothers sought to open a sea route to India; Jaime Ferrer was lured by dreams of locating the source of West African gold; and the Atlantic island groups, the Canaries, Madeira, and the Azores, were all discovered. In this detailed survey, Phillips describes these exciting quests while also exploring their closely related myths and legends, all the while setting the stage for the even greater exploits of Christopher Columbus, Vasco da Gama, and their successors.
For this new Clarendon Paperback edition, Phillips has added both an introduction and a bibliographical essay, the latter of which surveys recent work in what is becoming a thriving area of new research.
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Classical discoveries and Dark Age transformations
Europe in the eleventh century
Commerce and the crusades
Europe and the Mongol invasions
The eastern missions
European merchants and the East
European monarchs and Mongol
Medieval Europe and Africa
Scholarship and the imagination
Geography in the fifteenth century
Fresh start or new phase?
Conclusion 238 13 Conclusion
Some Recent Writings 1997
Medieval Europe and North America
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