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able according accordingly advance advantage Ęschines affairs allies allowed already ancient arms Athenians Athens Attic authority became become bring brought called carried cause character citizens civic condition confederates continued course danger demanded Demosthenes desired developed direction effect enemy entered entire established existed fact favorable followed force foreign friends gained give Greece Greek hand Hellenes honor immediately important independence influence interests Isocrates king land likewise Macedonian matter means native nature occasion offered once orators particular party pass patriotic peace Persian Philip Phocians political position possessed possible present prince proposed proved question reason regarded relations remained result secure side Socrates sought speech spirit strength success taken task Thebans Thebes things thought Thracian tion took towns true turn whole
Page 148 - For everything was more or less connected with the State, served its ends, and found its basis and nourishment in it. Such was the case with plastic, pictorial, and architectural art, with poetry in all its branches, with the studies of the philosopher, the historian, the astronomer, and with all the departments of science — the manifold variety of intellectual life forming a single whole.
Page 147 - The grandeur and loftiness of Attic democracy had vanished, while all the pernicious germs contained in it were fully developed. A life of comfort and a craving for amusement were encouraged in every way, and the interest of the citizens was withdrawn from serious things.
Page 173 - The was by his whole nature far more aristocratic pj"^ 6 * 8 of than Socrates, the simple man of the people; and his teachings and aims could only become the possession of a circle of elect, capable of comprehending in their general connexion the doctrines put forth by their master in the grove of Academus, and of developing them further. It is true that...
Page 197 - that not individual personages, but general types of character were represented, which repeated themselves in men of the same species; thus there were brought on the stage the usurer, the gamester, the parasite, and again the dandy virtuoso, the cunning slave, the clumsy peasant — they appeared under fictitious names, which thereby acquired an universal significance.
Page 147 - A life of comfort and a craving^ for amusement were encouraged in every way, and the interest of the citizens was withdrawn from serious things. Conversation became more and more superficial and frivolous. Famous courtesans formed the chief topic of talk; the new inventions of Thearion, the leading pastry-cook in Athens, were hailed with loud applause; and the witty sayings which had been uttered in gay circles were repeated about town as matters of prime importance.
Page 240 - Isocrates was ou the enemy's side; for he was the tutor of Aphobus' brother-in-law Onetor, of whom he expressly boasts as his pupil. The other circle, which at that time was an intellectual power at Athens, was that of the followers of Plato. Towards them, too, Demosthenes stood in an attitude of direct opposition ; for he could not but be averse from any philosophy which estranged man from his civic duties, and removed him from the sphere of practical efficiency into the realms of ideas.
Page 148 - The democrats,' says the same historian whom I have just quoted, 'saw in Eubulus one of their own set at the head of affairs ;' and I suppose no good democrat would see that without pleasure. Moreover, Eubulus was of popular character. In one respect he seems to have resembled your own ' heathen Chinee ; ' he had ' guileless ways,' says our historian, 'in which the citizens took pleasure.
Page 173 - In these points, therefore, Plato passes far beyond that which was comprehended in the moral consciousness of his nation; herein he stands like a prophet above his times and his people; and what he demands is not merely an amendment of the existing world in this or that direction, but an essentially new world. And in proportion as Plato in his ideal demands rose above the data of the circumstances and principles around him, it became impossible to expect that he would exercise a transforming influence...
Page 65 - Hellenes:—he naturally and necessarily arrived at the conviction, that the objects of his personal ambition were also that which was historically necessary and alone rational, and must thus in the end be also acknowledged by the Greeks, in spite of their obstinate local patriotism and of their contempt for the Macedonian people. The national history of the Greeks had lived its life to an end in the orbit of their native country, in a more limited sense of the term, and under the form of republican...