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The Chrysanthemum: Its History, Culture, Classification, and Nomenclature
Frederick William Burbidge
No preview available - 2016
amaranth Anemone beautiful blush Bonamy Boucharlet bright bronze brown carmine Cedo Nulli Channel Islands Chrysan Chrysanthe Chrysanthemum Clark crimson culture cut blooms D'OR dark decorative Delaux disbudding disc distinct double dwarf early Empress of India exhibition FLEUR fringed gardens golden centre golden yellow growers grown growth Guernsey habit Hebden Bridge imbricated inches incurved James Salter Jap.—Flowers Jap.—Large Japanese varieties Jardin des Plantes kinds L.fl Lacroix large blooms large flower large-flowered late bloom Lebois Lemoine MADAME manure Marie MDLLE MONS orange P.an P.ear Pertuzes petals Pethers pink Pom.—Rose Pompon pots Princess prizes pure white purple quilled raisers ray florets reddish reflex Reydellet rieties roots rosy lilac rosy violet Rundle Salter santhemum seed seedlings shaded shoots show flower silvery Smith specimens sport stem Stoke Newington sulphur tasselled Teesdale themum tinted tipped with gold Toulouse TREVENNA twisted Veitch yellow centre
Page 20 - A variety of the Chrysanthemum exists in Japan with blue flowers. It is represented very frequently on Japanese porcelain, both ancient and modern, especially that of Satsuma and Kioto; it also appears on cloisonne enamels and embroidery. In the History of Nin-toku-ten-wau the following passage occurs : ' In 386, in the seventythird year of his reign, seeds of the Chrysanthemum were first introduced into Japan from a foreign country, both blue, yellow, red, white and violet.
Page 14 - Ranunculus, etc., for instance, show that there were small varieties grown then; indeed, in the Horticultural Society's Transactions for February, 1821, there are colored plates of small, many-petaled varieties, but they were not called Pompons until the French got hold of them in 1845-6. In 1846 a new era commenced in the history of the Chrysanthemum, as a result of the importation from China of two small flowering varieties of the "Chusan Daisy.
Page 13 - Chelsea, in 1795, the plant having been obtained originally from M. Cels, the celebrated nurseryman of Paris. At this time, and for some little time afterward, botanists could not agree as to its botanical position; some of them contended that it was one of the Camomiles (Anthemis), while others declared that it was unmistakably a Pyrethrum or Feverfew, but at last it was decided that it should be called Chrysanthemum, from "chrysos," gold or golden, and "anthos," a. flower. Sabine, who was Secretary...
Page 20 - Varieties.—Both the large-flowered and Pompon varieties were largely grown and much improved up to 1862, when again Mr. Fortune introduced a new strain in the shape of seven varieties from Japan. So singular were these in shape and color from all reputed standards of perfection at the time, that they barely escaped total neglect, and consequent extinction. At the present day, however, these once neglected kinds stand in the first rank as decorative plants, and finer and still finer varieties make...
Page 12 - Chrysanthemums soon escaped from the confinement of the conservatories of the curious, and as rapidly spread themselves over every part of the island, filling the casements of the cottagers, and the parterres of the opulent with their autumnal beauties, that now vie with the Asters of their native land in splendour and variety of colour.
Page 20 - Botany" for 1850 we find many varieties of these French Daisy kinds described, and four sorts are represented in a coloured plate. MODERN JAPANESE VARIETIES. — Both the large-flowered and Pompon varieties were largely grown and much improved up to 1862, when again Mr. Fortune introduced a new strain in the shape of seven varieties from Japan. So singular were these in shape and colour from all reputed standards of perfection at the time, that they barely escaped total neglect, and consequent extinction....
Page 3 - PREFACE TO SECOND EDITION. SINCE the first edition of this work was published great strides have been made in the improvement, cultivation, and exhibition of the flower which I had the honour to speak of years ago as our " autumn" or
Page 13 - Thus, while the corolla enlarges, to change from a five-toothed minute disc-floret into a broad, flat-petalled ray-floret, two petals are gradually dwarfed and finally disappear; while a corresponding atrophy takes place in the essential organs, for the stamens are totally arrested, and the pistil changes its form, the style-arms becoming much reduced in size. The tubular condition of the corolla may remain while the tube itself elongates without any or much splitting — hence the quilled...
Page 12 - like the Eoses of China, Chrysanthemums soon escaped from the conservatories of the curious, and as rapidly spread themselves over every part of the island, filling the windows of the cottagers and the parterres of the opulent with their autumnal beauties, that now vie with the China Aster in variety of color glory.