Calumet Beginnings: Ancient Shorelines and Settlements at the South End of Lake Michigan

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Indiana University Press, 2003 - History - 247 pages
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The landscape of the Calumet, an area that sits astride the Indiana-Illinois state line at the southern end of Lake Michigan was shaped by the glaciers that withdrew toward the end of the last ice age--about 45,000 years ago. In the years since, many natural forces, including wind, running water, and the waves of Lake Michigan, have continued to shape the land. The lake's modern and ancient shorelines have served as Indian trails, stagecoach routes, highways, and sites that have evolved into many of the cities, towns, and villages of the Calumet area. People have also left their mark on the landscape: Indians built mounds; farmers filled in wetlands; governments commissioned ditches and canals to drain marshes and change the direction of rivers; sand was hauled from where it was plentiful to where it was needed for urban and industrial growth. These thousands of years of weather and movements of peoples have given the Calumet region its distinct climate and appeal.

 

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User Review  - kvrfan - LibraryThing

As this book details the very specific history of the area at the southern tip of Lake Michigan--with particular emphasis on its geologic history from the Ice Age onwards--it will admittedly have a ... Read full review

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The reason why St. Jakob Church (now St. James in Sauk Village, IL) was changed was because of the Nazis. The village didn't want the church to get destroyed by any anti-Nazi people, so they changed it to St. James.
New Strasburg, or New Strassburg, was changed to Sauk Village during the 1950s for no confusion with another town with the same name.
In 2004, the oldest church in Sauk Village was razed because the mayor at the time wanted to build a hotel but didn't. The only things left in Sauk Village are the first three oldest farms, an old graveyard by the highway, a caboose from Chicago Heights as a gift, and the bell from the first church in the village.
~ Native Sauk Village resident
 

Contents

The Calumet Area
1
Forming the Landscapes
11
The Calumet Area before 1833
45
The Pioneer and Stagecoach Period 18331858
61
Cook County Communities
111
Lake County Communities
143
Glossary
221
Copyright

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About the author (2003)

Kenneth J. Schoon is Professor of Science Education at Indiana University Northwest. He is author of Dreams of Duneland: A Pictorial History of the Indiana Dunes Region (IUP, 2013) and City Trees.

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