Berkeley's Principles and Dialogues: Background Source Materials

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Cambridge University Press, May 8, 2000 - Philosophy - 300 pages
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This volume sets Berkeley's philosophy in its historical context by providing selections from; first, works that deeply influenced Berkeley as he formed his main doctrines; second, works that illuminate the philosophical climate in which those doctrines were formed; and third, works that display Berkeley's subsequent philosophical influence. The first category is represented by selections from Descartes, Malebranche, Bayle, and Locke; the second category includes extracts from such thinkers as Regius, Lanion, Arnauld, Lee, and Norris; while reactions to Berkeley, both positive and negative, are drawn from a wide range of thinkers Leibniz, Baxter, Hume, Diderot, Voltaire, Reid, Kant, Herder, and Mill.
 

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Contents

Rene Descartes
13
Henricus Regius
26
Nicolas Malebranche
29
Pierre de Lanion
55
Antoine Arnauld
60
Jean Brunet
70
Pierre Bayle
76
John Locke
90
Early Reviews
173
G W Leibniz
191
Andrew Baxter
193
David Hume
208
Samuel Johnson
223
French Reactions
233
German Reactions
252
Thomas Reid
268

Henry Lee
119
John Norris
132
Arthur Collier
142
First Reactions
159
John Stuart Mill
279
Index of Names
295
Subject Index
299
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About the author (2000)

Born and reared in Ireland, George Berkeley studied at Trinity College, Dublin, and then taught as a fellow there, eventually becoming Dean of Derry (1724) and Bishop of Cloyne (1734) in the Irish branch of the Anglican church. His primary philosophical interests included metaphysics and epistemology, the psychology of perception, philosophy of science, and natural theology. But he is best known for his defense of metaphysical idealism and denial of the existence of matter. Berkeley's best-known writings were produced relatively early in his life, between the ages of 24 and 28: They included Essay Towards a New Theory of Vision (1709), Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge (1710), and Three Dialogues (1713). In 1728 Berkeley made a voyage to the United States in an unsuccessful attempt to found a college in Bermuda. He lived for two years at Newport, Rhode Island, and had a significant influence on American education, chiefly through his association with and donation of books to Yale University and his correspondence with Samuel Johnson, the first president of what is now Columbia University.

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