Directions for restoring apparently drowned, for saving drowning persons by swimming to their relief and for the treatment of frostbites, as practiced in the United States Life-Saving Service

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U.S. Government Printing Office, 1909 - 11 pages
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Page 8 - outset-ting" tide, and you are swimming either by yourself or having hold of a person who can not swim, then get on your back and float till help comes. Many a man exhausts himself by stemming the billows for the shore on. a back-going tide and sinks in the effort, when if he had floated, a boat or other aid might have been obtained. 9. These instructions apply alike to all circumstances, whether as regards the roughest sea or smooth water.
Page 4 - ... is at hand and one person must work alone, place the patient on his back with the shoulders slightly raised on a folded article of clothing; draw forward the tongue and keep it projecting just beyond the lips. If the lower jaw be lifted, the teeth may be made to hold the tongue in place; it may be necessary to retain the tongue by passing a handkerchief under the chin and tying it over the head. Grasp the arms just below the elbows and draw them steadily upward by the sides of the patient's head...
Page 4 - ... hours, it sometimes occurs that the patient is seized with great difficulty of breathing, and death is liable to follow unless immediate relief is afforded. In such cases apply a large mustard plaster over the breast. If the patient gasps for breath before the...
Page 7 - One great advantage of this method is that it enables you to keep your head up, and also to hold the person's head up you are trying to save. It is. of primary importance that you take fast hold of the hair and throw both the person and yourself on your backs. After many experiments it is usually found preferable to all other methods.
Page 7 - ... his back, give him a sudden pull, and this will cause him to float, then throw yourself on your back also and swim for the shore, both hands having hold of his hair, you on your back, and he also on his, and of course his back to your stomach. In this way you will get sooner and safer ashore than by any other means, and you can easily thus swim with two or three persons; the writer has even, as an experiment, done it with four, and gone with them forty or fifty yards in the sea. One great advantage...
Page 2 - Separate the jaws and keep them apart by placing between (3) the teeth a cork or small bit of wood; turn the patient on his face, a large bundle of tightly rolled clothing being placed beneath the stomach; press heavily on the back over it for half a minute, or as long as fluids flow freely from the mouth.
Page 2 - ... the balls of the thumbs resting on either side of the pit of the stomach, the fingers falling into the grooves between the short Fio.
Page 1 - Arouse the Patient. — Do not move the patient unless in danger of freezing; instantly expose the face to the air, toward the wind if there be any; wipe dry the mouth and nostrils; rip the clothing so as to expose the chest and waist; give two or three quick, smarting slaps on the chest with the open hand. If the patient does not revive proceed immediately as follows: RULE II. To Expel Water from the Stomach and Chest...
Page 7 - ... it. As soon as a drowning man begins to get feeble and to lose his recollection, he gradually slackens his hold until he quits it altogether. No apprehension need, therefore, be felt on that head when attempting to rescue a drowning person.
Page 3 - III., and for a while after the appearance of returning life carefully aid the first short gasps until deepened into full breaths. Continue the drying and rubbing, which should have been unceasingly practiced from the beginning by assistants, taking care not to interfere with the means employed to produce breathing.

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