Report on the Steel Strike of 1919, Volume 2
Interchurch World Movement of North America. Commission of Inquiry, Interchurch World Movement of North America
Harcourt, Brace and Howe, 1920 - Steel Strike, U.S., 1919-1920 - 277 pages
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actual American analysis asked average basis better blast budget called cause cent charges Commission Committee common labor compared concerned conference considered Corporation’s cost course discharged District earnings employees evidence exist facts Federal figures five force foreigners four furnace Gary given grievances half houses immigrant increase Inquiry International iron and steel leaders less living means meeting mill mind month never night officials opinion organization paid persons Pittsburgh plants possible practice present president production question radical rates record relation representative rooms seems semi-skilled Senate shift skilled standard statistics steel companies Steel Corporation steel industry steel workers strike testimony thing tion trade turns twelve-hour day unions United unskilled wages week whole workmen York
Page 10 - The annual earnings of 72 per cent of all workers were, and had been for years, below the level set by government experts as the minimum of comfort level for families of five. "This second standard being the lowest which scientists are willing to term an 'American standard of living,' it follows that nearly three-quarters of the steel workers could not earn enough for an American standard of living.
Page 124 - That we are unalterably opposed to any extension of union labor and advise subsidiary companies to take firm position when these questions come up and say that they are not going to recognize it; that is, any extension of unions in mills where they do not now exist; that great care should be used to prevent trouble and that they promptly report and confer with this corporation.
Page 255 - An income of $900 or over probably permits the maintenance of a normal standard, at least so far as the physical man is concerned.
Page 120 - Make the Steel Corporation a good place for them to work and live. Don't let the families go hungry or cold; give them playgrounds and parks and schools and churches, pure water to drink, every opportunity to keep clean, places of enjoyment, rest, and recreation; treating the whole thing as a business proposition, drawing the line so that you are just and generous and yet at the same time keeping your position and permitting others to keep theirs, retaining the control and management of your affairs,...
Page 72 - ... the spirit of the resolution will be observed and carried Into effect. There should and must be no unnecessary deviation without first taking up the question with our Finance Committee and asking for a change of the views of the committee, which probably will not under any circumstances be secured. I emphasize the fact that there should be at least twentyfour continuous hours Interval during each week In the production of Ingots.
Page 228 - We want you to stir up as much bad feeling as you possibly can between the Italians and the Serbians. Spread data among the Serbians that the Italians are going back to work. Call up every question you can in reference to racial hatred between these two nationalities.
Page 10 - The annual earnings of over one-third of all productive iron and steel workers were, and had been for years, below the level set by government experts as the minimum of subsistence standard for families of five. "The annual earnings of 72 per cent of all workers were, and had been for years, below the level set by government experts as the minimum of comfort level for families of five.
Page 12 - ... amounted, according to Mr. Manly, to $888,931,511. The bonds of the corporation represent all the money actually invested in the concern, for the common stock is 'nothing but water.
Page 236 - During the strike violations of personal rights and personal liberty were wholesale ; men were arrested without warrants, imprisoned without charges, their homes invaded without legal process, magistrates' verdicts were rendered frankly on the basis of whether the striker would go back to work or not.
Page 176 - It is evident that the great numbers of Negroes who flowed into the Chicago and Pittsburgh plants were conscious of strikebreaking. For this attitude, the steel strikers rightly blamed American organized labor. . . . Through many an experience Negroes came to believe that the only way they could break into a unionized industry was through strikebreaking.