Ethics and War: An Introduction
What are the ethical principles underpinning the idea of a just war and how should they be adapted to changing social and military circumstances? In this book, Steven P. Lee presents the basic principles of just war theory, showing how they evolved historically and how they are applied today in global relations. He examines the role of state sovereignty and individual human rights in the moral foundations of just war theory and discusses a wide range of topics including humanitarian intervention, preventive war, the moral status of civilians and enemy combatants, civil war and terrorism. He shows how just war theory relates to both pacifism and realism. Finally, he considers the future of war and the prospects for its obsolescence. His clear and wide-ranging discussion, richly illustrated with examples, will be invaluable for students and other readers interested in the ethical challenges posed by the changing nature of war.
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achieve action aggression apply Aquinas argues argument armed civil conﬂict armed conﬂict attack Augustine belligerents bello rules bellum criteria beneﬁts cause chapter civilian harm civilian immunity claim combatant liability common life rights consequentialist consider conventions created evil criterion David Luban David Rodin deﬁned deﬁnition difﬁcult discussed domestic analogy duties Emer de Vattel enemy combatants example ﬁght ﬁghting ﬁrst fought Grotius guerrillas human rights paradigm humanitarian intervention Ibid idea insurgency international law Iraq jus ad bellum jus in bello jus post bellum justice justiﬁed killing Kosovo War laws of war Michael Walzer moral value national defense paradigm opponent paciﬁsm peace principle of civilian principle of combatant proportionality punishment realism reasonable expectations Reichberg requires resisted evil resort response rights violations satisﬁed side signiﬁcance sovereignty speciﬁcally state’s sufﬁcient symmetric terrorism terrorist theory threat liability tion tradition universal moral rules unjust combatants Unjust Wars Vattel violence Vitoria wrong